UN-Backed Hybrid Criminal Tribunals (hcts): Viable Options in International Criminal Justice?

In: International Criminal Law Review
Juan-Pablo Pérez-Léon-Acevedo Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, Seminaarinkatu 15, FIN-40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
PluriCourts, Law Faculty, University of Oslo, Kristian Augusts gate 17, 0162 Oslo, Norway,;

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Although the UN-Security Council established the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, UN-international criminal tribunals were not replicated. The UN instead directly participated in creating hcts such as the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Thus, this article seeks to determine whether UN-backed hcts constitute viable options in international criminal justice. These tribunals may be viable options if they are adequately implemented. Particularly when compared to UN-international criminal tribunals, reasons for their viability include their closer proximity to or larger impact on national societies, less costly work, shorter proceedings, and flexible mandates adapted to each context. Nevertheless, their viability depends on whether they can handle challenges concerning coordination between their international and national components, funding limitations, security issues, relationship with international criminal tribunals (especially the International Criminal Court), and relationship with national institutions.

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