The article deals with the first decisions of the International Criminal Court in regard to victim participation in the criminal proceedings. Victim participation is one of the novelties of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. With the aim of integrating a restorative element into the proceedings, the victims are given both the opportunity to be heard and to claim reparations. The first decisions are examined with a view to the impact they could have on the proceedings. Beyond the specific decisions, various problems that may arise in relation to victim participation are discussed.