Ḥadīth in the Christian Arabic Kalām of Būluṣ Ibn Rajāʾ (c. 1000)

in Intellectual History of the Islamicate World
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‭The Coptic saint and theologian Būluṣ b. Rajāʾ (b. c. 955; d. c. 1010) wrote a work entitled Kitāb al-Wāḍiḥ in which he employed kalām-style interrogation to defend Christianity and critique Islamic truth claims. As a Muslim convert to the Coptic Church in Fatimid Egypt, Ibn Rajāʾ was familiar with the Islamic ḥadīth tradition and made use of them in his religious arguments. This article examines the biography of Ibn Rajāʾ, the contents of Kitāb al-Wāḍiḥ in Ms. Paris BNF Syriac 203, and its audience. The article investigates how Ibn Rajāʾ employed oral traditions in his work, concluding that he was attracted to ḥadīths as supporting evidence for his polemics while he was also disenchanted with their lack of reliability in his apologetics.‬

Ḥadīth in the Christian Arabic Kalām of Būluṣ Ibn Rajāʾ (c. 1000)

in Intellectual History of the Islamicate World

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References

1

‭Samir“The Role of Christians in the Fatimid Government” pp. 189–192.

10

‭Gottheil“A Distinguished” pp. 243 (Arabic) 274 (English).‬

11

‭Gottheil“A Distinguished” pp. 246 (Arabic) 277 (English).‬

16

‭Evetts (ed.)Churches and Monasteries p. 340. A new edition of the work attributes it to Abū Makārim Saʿdallāh ibn Jirjis ibn Masʿūd. See Den Heijer “Coptic Historiography” pp. 77–81.‬

17

‭See Atiya/Burmester (eds.)History of the Patriarchs pp. 110 (Arabic) 165 (English).‬

18

‭Atiya/Burmester (eds.)History of the Patriarchs pp. 110 (Arabic) 165 (English).‬

19

‭See Atiya/Burmester (eds.)History of the Patriarchs pp. 112 168–169.

20

‭Abuliff“Al-Wāḍiḥ Ibn Rajaʾ” p. 124.

21

‭Samir (ed.)Miṣbāh al-ẓulma pp. 322–323. An online English translation by Adam McCollum is available at: http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/abu_l_barakat_catalogue.htm.‬

22

‭Atiya/Burmester (eds.)History of the Patriarchs pp. 110 (Arabic) 165 (English).‬

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