Mexico’s Drug War, International Jurisprudence, and the Role of Non-International Armed Conflict Status

In: Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies
View More View Less
  • 1 University of Washington

Purchase instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):

€29.95$34.95

When the Calderon Administration escalated anti-drug efforts in 2006, drug-related violence in Mexico reached unprecedented levels. The growing intensity of drug-related violence has led to uncertainty over how to classify the violence spreading across Mexico. Much of the public rhetoric argues that Mexico’s drug-related violence has surpassed that which typically characterizes the drug trade and is instead more similar to armed conflict. Due to the changing landscape of Mexican drug violence, an assessment of whether or not the conflict meets the requisite conditions for a non-international armed conflict (NIAC) is needed to determine if the application of international humanitarian law is appropriate. This paper argues that Mexico’s Drug War meets the conditions for NIAC status and application of IHL is appropriate. The question of how to respond to drug-related violence is becoming increasingly relevant as the effects of such violence extends to a more diverse geographic area within Mexico. NIAC status plays a central role in the future of anti-drug policy and has the potential to prompt significant changes in the handling of drug-related violence in Mexico. This paper attempts to provide a comprehensive answer to this question and identify the potential implications that recognition as a NIAC will have on Mexican anti-drug policy.

  • 8

    W. Booth, ‘Mexico’s War Compared to Insurgency’, The Washington Post, 9 September 2010, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/09/08/AR2010090807134.html (last accessed 25 May 2013).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19

    San Antonio Times, supra note 11.

  • 22

    Beittel, supra note 2, 11.

  • 25

    Beittel, supra note 4, at 18.

  • 26

    Judah, supra note 2,0 at 72.

  • 30

    Beittel, supra note 4, at 13.

  • 31

    San Antonio Times, supra note 11.

  • 33

    Beittel, supra note 4, at 10.

  • 34

    Chu and Krouse, supra note 21 at 1.

  • 35

    Beittel, supra note 2.

  • 37

    San Antonio Times, supra note 11.

  • 38

    S. Miller Llana, ‘Mexico Drug Traffickers’ Latest Weapon: ‘Monster’ Narco-Tanks’, The Christian Science Monitor, 7 June 2011, http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Americas/Latin-America-Monitor/2011/0607/Mexican-drug-traffickers-latest-weapon-monster-narco-tanks.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 41

    Kan, supra note 6, at 26-27.

  • 42

    Beittel, supra note 2, at 11.

  • 43

    Beittel, supra note 4, at 10.

  • 44

    Molzahn et al, supra note 36, at 1.

  • 45

    Beittel, supra note 4, at 14.

  • 50

    Beittel, supra note 4, at 10.

  • 54

    Kan, supra note 6.

  • 55

    Molzahn et al., supra note 36.

  • 57

    Kan, supra note 6.

  • 59

    Beittel, supra note 4 at 3.

  • 60

     See Molzahn et al., supra note 36 at 23-24.

  • 61

     See Beittel, supra note 4 at 18.

  • 66

    Chu and Krouse, supra note 21, at 2.

  • 68

    Beittel, supra note 2.

  • 69

    N. Miroff and W. Booth, ‘Mexico’s Drug Cartel’s Newest Weapon: Cold War-era Hand Grenades Made in the US’, Washington Post, 17 July 2010, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/07/16/ AR2010071606252.html (last accessed 25 May 2013).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 70

    Kan, supra note 6.

  • 71

    Beittel, supra note 4, at 20.

  • 72

    Beittel, supra note 2, at 8.

  • 73

    Beittel, supra note 4, at 10.

  • 74

    San Antonio Times, supra note 11.

  • 75

     See Beittel, supra note 4, at 12.

  • 76

     See Manwaring, supra note 63, at 2.

  • 78

    Beittel, supra note 4, at 1.

  • 80

    Beittel, supra note 4 at 11.

  • 81

    Judah, supra note 20 at 71.

  • 82

    Leiken, supra note 49 at 1.

  • 83

    CNN, supra note 10.

  • 90

    Geneva Convention I, supra note 85, Art. 3(1).

  • 92

    Buis, supra note 27.

  • 96

    Geneva Convention I, supra note 85, at section 4(d).

  • 98

    Molzahn et al., supra note 36.

  • 101

    Human Rights Watch, supra note 99.

  • 103

    Henckaerts and Doswald-Beck, supra note 95.

  • 105

    Geneva Convention I, supra note 85, Art. 50.

  • 106

    L. Gonzalez, ‘Mexico Police Scour Highways After PepsiCo Truck Torched’, Reuters, 1 June 2012, http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/01/us-mexico-violence-pepsi-idUSBRE8501EV20120601 (last accessed 25 May 2013).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 111

    R. Carroll, ‘Mexican Marine’s Family Gunned Down by Drug Cartel’, The Guardian, 23 December 2009. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/dec/23/mexican-marines-family-gunned-down.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 115

    Gutierrez, supra note 100.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 278 80 6
Full Text Views 210 12 0
PDF Views & Downloads 41 4 0