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Guaranteeing the Broadest Protection to Minors in the Aftermath of Disasters: Re-Framing the International Discussion in Terms of Child Abduction, Sale, and Trafficking

In: Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies
Author: Silvia Scarpa1
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The Article aims at demonstrating that a more effective and comprehensive protection of minors in the aftermath of disasters can be guaranteed by, first of all, re-framing the discussion of the relevant actors in this field on the various practices and processes, including sexual and labour exploitation, early and forced marriages, the involvement of children in armed conflicts, and illegal adoptions, that can be grouped under the heading of three umbrella terms, namely, the abduction, sale, and trafficking of children. These terms are, in part, already used by relevant actors in the field of disaster relief work; however, their interpretation and boundaries are not always properly clarified. Therefore, the Article discusses the definitions of these three terms and recommends that all the relevant actors follow such framework and conform to the definitions provided, so as to guarantee a greater consistency and clarity in the debate over child protection in the aftermath of disasters.

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