The Legality of the Use of Private Military and Security Companies in un Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement Operations

In: Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies
Mohamad Ghazi Janaby Lecturer at the College of Law, University of Babylon, Iraq,

Search for other papers by Mohamad Ghazi Janaby in
Current site
Google Scholar
Download Citation Get Permissions

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institution


Buy instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):


Outsourcing military and security services to the private sector is an emerging trend under international law. The shift to using private military and security companies (pmscs) in countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan has brought attention to the role that these companies may play in fulfilling functions that are normally monopolised by States or international organisations. The reliance of the un on pmscs has increased considerably in recent years, leading to the question of the legality of their use in various un operations. This paper focuses on two main aspects of the un’s use of such companies; (i) The engagement of pmscs in peacekeeping operations, either when hired by the un directly or when hired by a State and subsequently seconded to the un; and (ii) The participation of pmscs in peace enforcement measures adopted by the un Security Council according to Chapter vii of the un Charter. This paper argues that the use of pmscs in peacekeeping operations is lawful under international law, while their use in peace enforcement operations is not.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 815 162 22
Full Text Views 285 17 1
PDF Views & Downloads 203 34 3