Les parties étiologiques de l'Ardvīsūr Bānūg Yašt et les noms de la grande déesse iranienne

in Indo-Iranian Journal
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Abstract

In this paper, we show that the Yašts we have are not authentic in so far as that they are the fruit of the arbitrary mixture of the three kinds of the original Yašts: the liturgical one, the legal one and the etiological one. In a lot of our Yašts, more weight is given to the liturgical version (with yazamaide), but, in the Ābān Yašt, the legal one (with yazaēša) plays the main role. By considering all together the etiological fragments the Ābān Yašt contains, it is possible to enlarge upon what we knew already of what may have constituted the etiological myth of the sacrifice offered to a deity.

Incidentally, all the different names the great Iranian goddess receives, ap-, areduuī-, sūrā- and anāhitā-, are explained: `water, soft, opulent, unaffected'.

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