Mobilising Social Movement for Peace

A Case Study on Christian Ecumenical Organisations in the Context of the Korean Conflict

In: International Journal of Asian Christianity
Youngseop Lim School of Religion, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland,

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Dong Jin Kim Irish School of Ecumenics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland,

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Informed by the resource mobilisation theory, this article conducts a case study on Christianity in Korea, in order to explore the nexus between religion and social movements, and how this nexus could contribute to peace, rather than violence. Given its geopolitical dimensions, involving nuclear weapons and the legacy of the Cold War, the role of religion in the Korean conflict has been under-researched. Nonetheless, Christianity has influenced the Korean conflict, with its association with anticommunism, as well as with peace movements. This article argues that Christian ecumenical organisations in the context of the Korean conflict utilised their social resources for peace and reconciliation, when they rediscovered the just peace tradition in Christianity. This article contributes to theoretical and practical discussions surrounding religion, war, and peace, by conceptualising just peace in the Christian tradition, and by adding empirical substance to the nexus between ecumenism and social movement for just peace.

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