Higher Education in Asia: Challenges from and Contributions to Globalization

in International Journal of Chinese Education
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Abstract

The paper puts Asia’s rising, especially its emerging as higher education hub in the context of globalization. By summarizing the four waves of internationalization of higher education over the past hundred years, the paper makes an argument that internationalization is not limited to Europeanization or Americanization, the rise of Asia in the 21st century represents alternative routes to modernity. Asian value and scholarship may serve as a counter-force for the Western-centric globalization of higher learning. In the conclusion, the paper advocates a way towards inclusive globalization and calls for the integration of local/national experience with those of other societies and cultures.

Higher Education in Asia: Challenges from and Contributions to Globalization

in International Journal of Chinese Education

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References

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3

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5

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UNESCO Institute for StatisticsGlobal Education Digest 2010: Comparing Education Statistics across the World (Montreal: UNESCO2010) 172.

13

UNESCO Data Centre (2011) http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/TableViewer/document.aspx?ReportId=143&IF_Language=eng (accessed January 7 2011).

14

Jane Knight“Internationalization brings important benefits as well as risks,” International Higher Educationno. 46 (2007): 8.

15

Philip G. Altbach and Jane Knight“The internationalization of higher education: Motivations and realities,” Journal of Studies in International Education 11 no. 3/4 (2007): 291.

16

Yvonne Turner and Sue RobsonInternationalising the University (London: Continnum2008) 52-53.

17

Anthony B.L. Cheung“Globalization versus Asian Values: Alternative paradigms in under¬standing governance and administration,” Asian Journal of Political Science 8 no. 2 (2000): 4-13.

18

Samuel P. Huntington“The Clash of Civilizations?,” Foreign Affairssummer 1993 27.

19

John GrayFalse Dawn: The Delusions of Global Capitalism (London: Granta Books1999) 13.

20

Bill Powell“Can China Save the World?,” TimeAugust 10 2009.

21

Kishore MuhbubaniThe New Asian Hemisphere: The Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East (New York: Public Affairs2008) 1.

22

Kishore MuhbubaniThe New Asian Hemisphere: The Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East (New York: Public Affairs2008) 9.

23

David SmithThe Dragon and the Elephant: China India and the New World Order (London: Profile Books2007).

24

World BankThe East Asian Economic Miracle: Economic Growth and Public Policy (New York: Oxford University Press1993) 1.

25

Francis Geoffrey CastlesComparative Public Policy: Patterns of Post-war Transformation (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar1998) 301.

27

Andrew Sheng“This year, a test of the Asian model,” South China Morning PostJanuary 8 2011 A11. Andrew Sheng was Chairman of the Securities and Futures Commission of Hong Kong from 1998 to 2005. A Chartered Accountant by training he is currently the Chief Adviser to the China Banking Regulatory Commission and a Board Member of the Qatar Financial Centre Regulatory Authority and Sime Darby Berhad Malaysia. In addition he is a member of the Advisory Council of the Iskandar Regional Development Authority Malaysia the International Advisory Panel of the Labuan Offshore Financial Services Authority Malaysia (LOFSA) the Governing Council of the International Centre for Education in Islamic Finance Malaysia (INCEIF) and the Advisory Council of the National Institute of Securities Market India (NISM). He currently chairs the annual OECD/ADBI Roundtable on Capital Market Reform in Asia. His recent book From Asian to Global Financial Crisis is published by Cambridge University Press.

29

Martha C. NussbaumNot For Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press2010).

30

Bill ReadingsThe University in Ruins Cambridge (MA: Harvard University Press1996).

31

Stephanie Mackler“From the Positivist to the Hermeneutic University: restoring the place of meaning and liberal learning in higher education,” Policy Futures in Education 8 no. 2 (2010): 181www.wwwords.co.uk/PFIE.

32

Steven T. Ostovich“Dewey, Habermas, and the University in Society,” Educational Theory 45 no. 4 (1995): 469http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-5446.1995.00465.x.

33

Ronald BarnettThe Limits of Competence: Knowledge Higher Education and Society (Buckingham: Open University Press1994).

34

Stephanie Mackler“From the Positivist to the Hermeneutic University: restoring the place of meaning and liberal learning in higher education,” Policy Futures in Education 8 no. 2 (2010): 182www.wwwords.co.uk/PFIE.

37

Jan Nederveen Pieterse“Emancipatory Cosmopolitanism: Towards an Agenda,” Deve¬lopment and Change 37 no. 6 (2006): 1255. And Rodrigo Britez and Michael A Peters “Internationalization and the Cosmopolitan University” Policy Futures in Education 8 no. 2 (2010).

38

Alex Usher“Rankings,” Educational Policy Institute CommentaryNovember2 2007 http://www.educationalpolicy.org/pub/pubpdf/Commentary_07.pdf.

40

Andrew Sheng“This year, a test of the Asian model,” South China Morning PostJanuary 8 2011 A11.

42

Cai Yuanpei 蔡元培“zai bojili zhongguo xueshenghui yanshuoci 在卜技利中国学生会演说词 [Lecture to Berkeley Chinese student union],” in Cai Yuanpei quanji disijuan 蔡元培全集第四卷 [Complete Works of Cai Yuanpei Vol. 4] (Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company1984) 64-66.

43

Ch’ien Mu 钱穆“xinya shuyuan ‘zhaosheng jianzhang’ 新亚书院招生简章 [The admission brochure of New Asia College],” in Xinya yiduo 新亚遗铎 (Taipei: The Grand East Book 1986).

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