Opening-Up Higher Education in Emerging Economies: Autonomy and Integrity on the Rise of Globalization

in International Journal of Chinese Education
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Abstract

We focus this paper on higher education systems and related public policies in emerging societies and developing regions worldwide and observe that effective institutional autonomy and integrity of modern universities are to be promoted in a context where building human capital is a priority and alliances and partnerships among universities worldwide, as well as between them and industry, gain significant relevance. For those societies and regions, our analysis identifies ten different themes oriented towards norms that may be helpful in guiding the development of higher education systems and related public policies.

Opening-Up Higher Education in Emerging Economies: Autonomy and Integrity on the Rise of Globalization

in International Journal of Chinese Education

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References

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9

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10

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23

Manuel V. Heitor“A system approach to tertiary education institutions: towards knowledge networks and enhanced societal trust” Science and Public Policy 35 no. 8 (2008): 607-617.

24

Thomas EstermannTerhi Nokkala and Monika Steinel University Autonomy in Europe II (Brussels: European University Association2011).

25

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28

Hugo Horta“The role of the state in the internationalization of universities in catching-up countries: An analysis of the Portuguese higher education system,” Higher Education Policy 23 (2010): 63-81.

31

Nicholas Barr“Higher Education Funding,” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 20 no. 2 (2004): 264-283; Nicholas Barr and Ian Crawford Financing Higher Education: answers from the UK (London: Routledge 2005).

32

European CommissionIncreasing human resources for science and technology in Europe. High Level Group on Human Resources for Science and Technology (Brussels: European Commission2004).

34

National Research CouncilHow People Learn: Brain Mind Experience and School (Washington: National Research Council2000).

35

Judith BennettTeaching and Learning Science: A Guide to Recent Research and its Applications (London: Continuum2003).

36

Jean PiagetTo Understand is to Invent: The Future of Education (New York: Grossman Publishers1973).

37

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Joseph B. Pine and James H. GilmoreThe Experience Economy (Boston: Harvard Business School Press1999).

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John ZimanPublic Knowledge: The Social Dimension of Science (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press1968).

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Richard R. Ernst“The Responsibility of Scientists, a European View,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition 42 (2003): 4434-4439.

45

Manuel V. Heitor“How far university global partnerships may facilitate a new era of international affairs and foster political and economic relations?” Science and Public Policysubmitted to publication (2012).

46

Paul DavidThe historical origin of ‘open science’—An Essay on Patronage Reputation and Common Agency Contracting in the Scientific Revolution (Stanford: Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research2007).

49

National Academy of Engineering (NAE)the Impact of Academic Research on Industrial Performance (Washington: NAE Press2003).

50

AnnaLee SaxenianRegional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press1986).

52

Nathan Rosenberg“Knowledge and Innovation for Economic Development: Should Universities be Economic Institutions?” in Knowledge for Inclusive Developmenteds. Pedro Conceição David V. Gibson Manuel V. Heitor Giorgio Sirilli and Francisco M. Veloso (Westport: Quorum2002) 35-47.

54

Guy Neave“The stirring of the prince and the silence of the lambs: the changing assumptions beneath higher education policy, reform and society,” in Emerging Patterns of Social Demand and University Reform: Through a Glass Darklyeds. David D. Dill and Barbara Sporn (Oxford: Pergamon Press1995) 54-71.

55

Burton R. ClarkCreating Entrepreneurial University: Organizational Pathways of Trans¬formation (Oxford: Pergamon Press1998).

56

Richard R. Nelson“the market economy, and the scientific commons,” Research Policy 33 (2004): 455-471.

57

Charles M. VestThe American Research University—from World War II to World Wide Web: Governments the Private Sector and the emerging Meta-University (Berkeley: University of California Press2007).

58

Manuel V. Heitor“How far university global partnerships may facilitate a new era of international affairs and foster political and economic relations?” Science and Public Policysubmitted to publication (2012).

59

Hugo Horta“Global and national prominent universities: internationalization, com¬petitiveness and the role of the state,” Higher Education 58 no. 3 (2009): 387-405.

60

Hugo Horta“The role of the state in the internationalization of universities in catching-up countries: An analysis of the Portuguese higher education system,” Higher Education Policy 23 (2010): 63-81.

61

Simon Marginson“Competition and Markets in Higher Education: a ‘glonacal’ analysis,” Policy Futures in Education 2 no. 2 (2004): 175-244.

62

Arnold S. Relman“Peer review in scientific journals-What good is it?” Western Journal of Medicine 153 (1990): 520-522.

63

Avinash K. DixitThe making of economic policy: A transition-cost politics perspective—Munich lectures in economics (Cambridge: MIT Press1998).

64

Herbert W. Marsh“Students’ evaluations of university teaching: A multidimensional perspective,” in The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: An Evidence based Perspectiveeds. Raymond P. Perry and John C. Smart (New York: Springer2007) 319-384.

65

Danielle Gilliot“Incentives in Academia,” in The Strategic Analysis of Universities: Microeconomic and Management Perspectiveseds. Mathias Dewatripont Françoise Thys-Clemenat and Luc Wilkin (Brussels: Editions de L’Université de Bruxelles2001) 57-71.

67

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68

Mohsen Mostafavi and Gareth DohertyEcological Urbanism (Zurich: Lars Muller Publishers2010).

69

Kenn FisherTechnology-enabled active learning environments: an appraisal CELE Exchange 2010/7 (Paris: OECD2010).

70

Paul V. TurnerCampus—An American planning tradition (Cambridge: MIT Press1984).

73

Pablo D’Este and Parimal Patel“University-industry linkages in the UK: What are the factors underlying the variety of interactions with industry?” Research Policy 36 no. 9 (2007): 1295-1313.

75

Martha NussbaumCultivating Humanity: a classical defense of reform in liberal education (Cambridge: Harvard University Press1997).

78

Jurgen Enders and Hans de Boer“The Mission Impossible of the European University: Institutional Confusion and Institutional Diversity,” in European Integration and the Governance of Higher Education and Researcheds. Alberto Amaral Guy Neave Christine Musselin and Peter Maassen (New York: Springer2009) 159-178.

80

Jung C. Shin and Grant Harman“New challenges for higher education: Global and Asia-Pacific perspectives,” Asian Pacific Review of Education 10 (2009): 1-13.

Figures

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    Total researchers (FTE) per thousand labor force, 2008 or latest available data.
  • View in gallery
    Gross expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP in emerging countries of Asia, Africa and South America, 2009 or latest available year.
  • View in gallery
    Percentage of postgraduate students in relation to total students, selected universities from emerging countries in Asia, Africa and South America.

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