The Impacts of Student Background and Extracurricular Activities on the Output of General Education; A Manuscript for the International Journal of Chinese Education

In: International Journal of Chinese Education

Abstract

This is an empirical study in the field of general education evaluation. Using data collected from three elite Chinese universities where general education is emphasized and promoted at institutional level, this study investigates the impacts of student background and extracurricular activities on student performance measured from the perspective of general education objectives, i.e., critical thinking, creativity, value judgment, decision-making, and communication skill. Female students perform significantly better in value judgment and decision-making, and students with higher socioeconomic status perform significantly better in decision-making and communication skill. Students with art talent perform significantly better in all the five skills. And high quality extracurricular activities are found to have positive effect on these skills, too.

  • ArthurLevine Handbook on Undergraduate Curriculum 1978 San Francisco Jossey-Bass

  • AstinA. W. “The methodology of research on college impact” Sociological Education 1970 43 223 254

  • AstinA. W. “Open admission and programs for the disadvantaged” Journal of Higher Education 1971 42 629 647

  • AstinA. W. Four critical years: Effects of college on beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge 1977 San Francisco Jossey Bass

  • AstinA. W. Assessment for excellence 1991 New York Macmillan

  • BenezetL. T. General Education in the Progressive College 1970 New York Arno Press and The New York Times

  • BoughanK. The role of academic process in student achievement: an application of structural equations modeling and cluster analysis to community college longitudinal data 2000 Albuquerque, NM The Association for Institutional Research The Association for Institutional Research, Policy Analysis, and Planning Professional File, 74.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CampbellJ. W.BlakeyL. S. “Assessing the impact of early remediation in the persistence and performance of underprepared community college students” Paper presented at the 36th Annual Forum of the Association for Institutional Research May 5-8, 1996 Albuquerque, NM

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harvard University Faculty of Arts and Sciences Report of the Task Force on General Education 2007 Cambridge, MA Harvard University

  • KaufmanJ.GablerJ. “Cultural capital and the extracurricular activities of girls and boys in the college attainment process” Poetics 2004 32 no. 2 145 168

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KellyL. “Implementing Astin’s IEO model in the study of student retention: a multivariate time dependent approach” Paper presented at the annual forum of the Association for Institutional Research May 5-8, 1996 Albuquerque, NM

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KnightW. “An examination of freshmen to senior general education gains across a national sample of institutions with different general education requirements using a mixed-effect structural equation model” Research in Higher Education 1993 34 no. 1 41 54

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LiM. L.ZhangY.OuyangJ. “The development of the college students’ general ability assessment questionnaire” Tsinghua Journal of Education 2012 33 no. 4 11 16

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MahoneyJ. L.CairnsB. D.FarmerT. W. “Promoting interpersonal competence and educational success through extracurricular activity participation” Journal of educational psychology 2003 95 no. 2 409 418

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • National Survey of Student Engagement Fostering student engagement campuswide—annual results 2011 2011 Bloomington, IN Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research http://nsse.iub.edu/NSSE_2011_Results/index.cfm.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PikeG. R.KuhG. D.GonyeaR. M. “The relationship between institutional mission and students’ involvement and educational outcomes” Research in Higher Education 2003 44 241 261

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ScottD. A. L. “A Study of General Education Assessment” PhD diss., East Tennessee State University, 2004.

    • Export Citation
  • StuartM.LidoC.MorganJ.SolomonL.MayS. “The impact of engagement with extracurricular activities on the student experience and graduate outcomes for widening participation populations” Active Learning in Higher Education 2011 12 no. 3 203 215

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WhitakerD. “Persistence and the two-year college student” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education November 21-24, 1987 Baltimore, MD

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ZhangY.LiM.OuyangJ. “The evaluation of general education reform in an elite Chinese university” Working Paper, 2013.

    • Export Citation
  • 1

    L. T. Benezet, General Education in the Progressive College (New York: Arno Press and The New York Times, 1970), 22-24.

  • 3

    Ibid., 528.

  • 4

    Ibid., 603.

  • 6

    M. L. Li, Y. Zhang, and J. Ouyang, “The development of the college students’ general ability assessment questionnaire,” Tsinghua Journal of Education 33, no. 4 (2012): 11-16.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7

    A. W. Astin, “The methodology of research on college impact,” Sociological Education 43, (1970). ——, “Open admission and programs for the disadvantaged,” Journal of Higher Education 42, (1971). ——, Assessment for excellence (New York: Macmillan, 1991).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12

    G. R. Pike, G. D. Kuh, and R. M. Gonyea, “The relationship between institutional mission and students’ involvement and educational outcomes,” Research in Higher Education 44, (2003): 241-261.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14

    J. Kaufman and J. Gabler, “Cultural capital and the extracurricular activities of girls and boys in the college attainment process,” Poetics 32, no. 2 (2004): 145–68.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17

    M. L. Li, Y. Zhang, and J. Ouyang, “The development of the college students’ general ability assessment questionnaire,” Tsinghua Journal of Education 33, no. 4 (2012): 11-16.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 124 70 3
Full Text Views 129 7 3
PDF Downloads 13 4 1