Who Will Success in College? Effect of High School Experience and Socioeconomic Status

In: International Journal of Chinese Education

Abstract

One unintended consequence of Chinese higher education expansion is an increasing socioeconomic gap in college achievement. Using 2011 College Freshmen Development Survey data, this paper engages in an empirical analysis of the association between one’s socioeconomic status, high school preparation, and college performance. This study finds that well prepared and academically engaged high school graduates achieve a significantly higher level of college development than their less prepared peers. Moreover, low-ses students have a significantly lower level of core competence and civic participation, due to their lack of academic preparation, learning engagement, and parental support in high school. This study provides a critical evidence for the life cycle skill formation argument that the deficit in early human capital investment can impair adolescent and adult attainment.

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  • 1

    Yang Po“Who gets more financial aid in China? A multilevel analysis,” International Journal of Educational Development 30 no. 6 (2010): 560-569. Li Hongbin et al. “Does having a cadre parent pay? Evidence from the first job offers of Chinese college graduates” Journal of Development Economics 99 No. 2 (2012): 513-520.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    James T. Heckman“Skill formation and the economics of investing in disadvantaged children,” Science 312 no. 5782 (2006): 1900-1902.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    David T. Conley“Rethinking college readiness,” New Directions for Higher Education 2008 no. 144 (2008): 3-13.

  • 16

    Laura W. Perna“Improving College Access, Persistence, and Completion: Lessons Learned,” The State of College Access and Completion: Improving College Success for Students from Underrepresented Groups (2013): 208. L.W. Perna S.L. Thomas “A framework for reducing the college success gap and promoting success for all” National Symposium on Postsecondary Student Success: Spearheading a Dialog on Student Success 2006.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19

    Gary P. Pike and Joseph L. Saupe“Does high school matter? An analysis of three methods of predicting first-year grades,” Research in higher education 43 no. 2 (2002): 187-207.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24

    Laura Walter Perna and Marvin A. Titus“The relationship between parental involvement as social capital and college enrollment: An examination of racial/ethnic group differences,” Journal of Higher Education 76 no. 5 (2005): 485-518.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26

    Janet H. Chrispeels and Elvia Rivero“Engaging Latino families for student success: How parent education can reshape parents’ sense of place in the education of their children,” Peabody Journal of Education 76.2 (2001): 119-169.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30

    D. Harris“Education production functions: Concepts,” in Economics of Educationedited by D.J. Brewer and P.J. McEwan (Amsterdam: Elsevier2010) 127-131. Jesse Rothstein “Teacher quality in educational production: Tracking decay and student achievement” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 125 no. 1 (2010): 175-214.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32

    George L. Wimberly and Richard J. Noeth“College Readiness Begins in Middle School. ACT Policy Report,” American College Testing ACT Inc. (2005).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 33

    David T. Conley“Rethinking college readiness,” New Directions for Higher Education 2008.144 (2008): 3-13.

  • 34

    James J. Heckman“Skill formation and the economics of investing in disadvantaged children,” Science 312.5782 (2006): 1900-1902.

  • 37

    Li Hongbin et al.“Does having a cadre parent pay? Evidence from the first job offers of Chinese college graduates,” Journal of Development Economics 99.2 (2012): 513-520.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 38

    Wen Haizhen Yan Zhang and Ling Zhang“Do educational facilities affect housing price? An empirical study in Hangzhou, China,” Habitat International 42 (2014): 155-163.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 39

    Prashant Loyalka et al.“Can information and counseling help students from poor rural areas go to high school? Evidence from China,” Journal of Comparative Economics 41 no. 4 (2013): 1012-1025.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 40

    Liu Chengfang et al.“Early commitment on financial aid and college decision making of poor students: Evidence from a randomized evaluation in China,” Economics of Education Review 30 no. 4 (2011): 575-774.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

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