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Free Early Childhood Education in Rural China: A Case Study of Ningshan

In: International Journal of Chinese Education
Authors: Q. Cai Ying1 and Hai Ying2
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  • 1 Central China Normal University
  • | 2 Central China Normal University
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The education authority of Ningshan County in China’s Shaanxi Province launched the 3-year free early childhood education (ece) policy in 2011, which includes waiving the tuition fees, enhancing children’s nutrition, and improving the facilities and administration of kindergartens. Such efforts have successfully increased the enrollment rate of ece which grew from 53.75% in 2009 to 92.4% in 2013. In this study, a field investigation of the implementation of the free ece policy in Ningshan County was carried out, and its impacts and implications for authorities to revise the policy were discussed. The authors urge local governments to take into account the local economic and social contexts in the formulation of free ece policies so that the policies in rural China could be feasible and sustainable.

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