The Master Plan and the California Higher Education System

Success, Failure and Implications for China

in International Journal of Chinese Education
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

The 1960 Master Plan for Higher Education in California, created by University of California President Clark Kerr and his contemporaries, brought college within reach of millions of American families for the first time and fashioned the world’s strongest system of public research universities. The California idea, combining excellence with access within a tiered system of higher education, and underpinned by a taxpayer consensus on the common good inherent in equality of opportunity in education, became the leading model for higher education across the world. Yet the political conditions supporting the California idea in California itself have evaporated. The taxpayer consensus broke down two decades after the Master Plan began and California no longer provides the fiscal conditions necessary to ensure both excellence and access, especially access for non-white and immigrant families. Many students are now turned away, public tuition is rising, the great research universities face resource challenges, and educational participation in California, once the national leader in the United States, lags far behind. The article traces the rise and partial fall of the Californian system of higher education as embodied in the Master Plan, and draws out lessons for other countries in general, and China in particular.

The Master Plan and the California Higher Education System

Success, Failure and Implications for China

in International Journal of Chinese Education

Sections

References

arwu “Academic Ranking of World Universities” 2016 Accessed 30 December 2016 http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings-2016/USA.html

AmadaeS.M. Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: The Cold-War Origins of Rational Choice Liberalism 2003 Chicago University of Chicago Press

ArrowKenneth Social Choice and Individual Values 1963 New York Wiley

AutorDavidKatzLawrenceKearneyMelissa “Trends in U.S. Wage Inequality: Revising the Revisionists” The Review of Economics and Statistics 2008 90 no. 2 300 323

BabcockPhilipMarksMindy “The Falling Time Cost of College: Evidence from Half a Century of Time Use Data” Review of Economics and Statistics 2011 93 468 478

BuchananJames Post-socialist Political Economy 1997 Lyme, Conn Edward Elgar

CallanPatrick RothblattSheldon “The Perils of Success” Clark Kerr’s World of Higher Education Reaches the 21st Century: Chapters in a Special History 2012 Dordrecht Springer 61 84

DorlingDanny Inequality and the 1% 2014 London Verso

DouglassJohn The Californian Idea and American Higher Education: 1850 to the 1960 Master Plan 2000 Stanford Stanford University Press

DouglassJohn “Can We Save the College Dream?” Boom: A Journal of California 2011a 1 no. 2 25 42

DouglassJohn To Grow or not to Grow? A Post-Great Recession Synopsis of the Political Financial and Social Contract Challenges Facing the University of California 2013 Berkeley Center for Studies in Higher Education, University of California Berkeley Research and Occasional Paper cshe 15.13

GoodmanDavid Class in Contemporary China 2014 Cambridge Polity

HansenHal “Rethinking Certification Theory and the Educational Development of the United States and Germany” Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 2011 29 31 55

HuangF. “Building the World-Class Research Universities: A Case Study of China” Higher Education online doi 10.1007/s10734-015-9876-8.2015

KerrClark The Uses of the University 2001a Cambridge, MA Harvard University Press

KerrClark The Gold and the Blue: A Personal Memoir of the University of California 1949-1967 2001b Berkeley University of California Press

LukesSteven Individualism 1973 Oxford Basil Blackwell

MarginsonSimon ArayaD.MarberP. “Emerging Higher Education in the Post-Confucian Heritage Zone” Higher Education in the Global Age 2013 New York Routledge 89 112

MarginsonSimon Higher Education and the Common Good 2016 Melbourne Melbourne University Press

MettlerSuzanne Degrees of Inequality: How the Politics of Higher Education Sabotaged the American Dream 2014 New York Basic Books

MilanovicBranko “More or Less” Finance and Development 2011 48 no. 3 6 11

MouwTedKallebergArne “Occupations and the Structure of Wage Inequality in the United States 1980s to 2000s” American Sociological Review 2010 75 no. 3 402 431

nsf “National Science Foundation” Science and Engineering Indicators 2014 2014 Accessed 30 November 2014 http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind14/

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (oecd) United States: Tackling High Inequalities Creating Opportunities for All 2014 Paris OECD

oecd “Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development” Main Science and Technology Indicators 2015 Accessed 30 December 2015 http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=GERD_FUNDS

PelfreyPatricia Entrepreneurial President: Richard Atkinson and the University of California 1995-2003 2012 Berkeley University of California Press

The PELL Institute “Indicators of Higher Education Equity in the United States” Accessed 28 September 2016 Co-published with PennAHEAD Graduate School of Education University of Pennsylvania http://www.pellinstitute.org/downloads/publications-Indicators_of_Higher_Education_Equity_in_the_US_45_Year_Trend_Report.pdf

PikettyThomas Capital in the Twenty-first Century 2014 Cambridge, MA Belknap Harvard University Press

RothblattSheldon Education’s Abiding Moral Dilemma: Merit and Worth in the Cross-Atlantic Democracies 1800-2006 2007 Oxford Symposium Books

SaezEmmanuel “Striking it Richer” The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States 2013 Accessed 31 March 2017 Berkeley University of California, Berkeley, Department of Economics http://eml.berkeley.edu//~saez/saez-UStopincomes-2012.pdf

SalmiJamil The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities 2009 Washington World Bank Publications

StiglitzJoseph The Price of Inequality 2013 Penguin London

unesco “United Nations Educational, Social and Cultural Organization” UNESCO Institute for Statistics Data on Education 2017 Accessed 31 March 2017 http://data.uis.unesco.org/

University of Leiden Leiden Ranking 2016 2017 Accessed 31 March 2017 http://www.leidenranking.com/ranking/

WiltonJohn 2014 Data supplied by Vice-Chancellor Administration and Finance University of California Berkeley

WolffEdwardZachariasAjit “Class Structure and Economic Inequality” Cambridge Journal of Economics 2013 37 1381 1406

4

David GoodmanClass in Contemporary China (Cambridge: Polity2014).

6

John DouglassThe Californian Idea and American Higher Education: 1850 to the 1960 Master Plan (Stanford: Stanford University Press2000).

8

John DouglassThe Californian Idea and American Higher Education: 1850 to the 1960 Master Plan (Stanford: Stanford University Press2000).

10

Sheldon RothblattEducation’s Abiding Moral Dilemma: Merit and Worth in the Cross-Atlantic Democracies 1800-2006 (Oxford: Symposium Books2007).

15

Patrick Callan“The Perils of Success,” in Clark Kerr’s World of Higher Education Reaches the 21st Century: Chapters in a Special Historyed. Sheldon Rothblatt (Dordrecht: Springer2012) 61-84.

16

John Douglass“Can We Save the College Dream?” Boom: A Journal of California 1 no. 2 (2011a): 25-42.

17

Sheldon RothblattEducation’s Abiding Moral Dilemma: Merit and Worth in the Cross-Atlantic Democracies 1800-2006 (Oxford: Symposium Books2007).

18

Hal Hansen“Rethinking Certification Theory and the Educational Development of the United States and Germany,” Research in Social Stratification and Mobilityno. 29 (2011): 31-55.

19

John Douglass“Can We Save the College Dream?” Boom: A Journal of California 1 no. 2 (2011a): 25-42.

20

Patricia PelfreyEntrepreneurial President: Richard Atkinson and the University of California 1995-2003 (Berkeley: University of California Press2012).

22

Kenneth ArrowSocial Choice and Individual Values (New York: Wiley1963).

23

Steven LukesIndividualism (Oxford: Basil Blackwell1973); S.M. Amadae Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: The Cold-War Origins of Rational Choice Liberalism (Chicago: University of Chicago Press 2003).

25

James BuchananPost-socialist Political Economy (Lyme, Conn: Edward Elgar1997).

28

Emmanuel Saez“Striking it Richer,” The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States. Berkeley: University of California Berkeley Department of Economics (2013) accessed 31 March 2017 http://eml.berkeley.edu//~saez/saez-UStopincomes-2012.pdf.

32

Branko Milanovic“More or Less,” in Finance and Development (2011) 6-11; Thomas Piketty Capital in the Twenty-first Century (Cambridge ma: Belknap Harvard University Press 2014); Joseph Stiglitz The Price of Inequality (Penguin: London 2013).

38

Suzanne MettlerDegrees of Inequality: How the Politics of Higher Education Sabotaged the American Dream (New York: Basic Books2014).

39

Jamil SalmiThe Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities (Washington: World Bank Publications2009); F Huang “Building the World-Class Research Universities: A Case Study of China” in Higher Education online doi 10.1007/s10734-015-9876-8 (2015).

40

Simon MarginsonHigher Education and the Common Good (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press2016).

43

Simon Marginson“Emerging higher education in the post-Confucian heritage zone,” in Higher Education in the Global Ageed. D. Araya and P. Marber (New York: Routledge2013) 89-112.

44

David GoodmanClass in Contemporary China (Cambridge: Polity2014).

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 54 54 26
Full Text Views 84 84 69
PDF Downloads 8 8 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0