In the United States of America, a significant proportion of the age-cohort enroll in higher education but only about one-half of students who start a degree program graduate. Given low completion rates, comprehensive reform efforts seek to improve student success. This article considers the social foundations and policy conditions that shape the student success reform movement in the USA. It argues that the American social compact, which relies on hard work and education as a pathway for social mobility, decentralized governance structure, and the role of philanthropy in the higher education sector all influence the student success reform movement.
CantwellBrendan. “Broad Access and Stratification in the First High Participation System: USA,” in High Participation Systems of Higher Education eds. Brendan CantwellSimon Marginson and AnnaSmoletsiva. Oxford: Oxford University Press, in press.
CantwellBrendan and SimonMarginson. “Vertical Stratification,” in High Participation Systems of Higher Education eds. BrendanCantwellSimonMarginson and AnnaSmoletsiva. Oxford: Oxford University Press, in press.
CantwellB.S.Marginson and A.Smolentsiva. “Conclusion,” in High Participation Systems of Higher Education eds. BrendanCantwellSimonMarginson and AnnaSmoletsiva. Oxford: Oxford University Press, in press.
DoughertyKevin J.Rebecca S.NatowRachel HareBorkSosanya M.Jones and Blanca E.Vega. “Accounting for Higher Education Accountability: Political Origins of State Performance Funding for Higher Education.”Teachers College Record115no. 1 (2013): n1.
FingerhutHannah. “Republicans Skeptical of Colleges’ Impact on U.S., but Most See Benefits for Workforce Preparation.”Pew Research Center (2017): http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/07/20/republicans-skeptical-of-colleges-impact-on-u-s-but-most-see-benefits-for-workforce-preparation/.
GandaraDenisaJennifer A.Rippner and Erik C.Ness. “Exploring the ‘How’ in Policy Diffusion: National Intermediary Organizations’ Roles in Facilitating the Spread of Performance-Based Funding Policies in the States.”The Journal of Higher Education88no. 5 (2017): 701-725.
HurtadoSylvia and Deborah FayeCarter. “Effects of College Transition and Perceptions of the Campus Racial Climate on Latino College Students’ Sense of Belonging.”Sociology of Education70no. 4 (1997): 324-345.
KolonderMerdith. “Many State Flagship Universities Leave Black and Latino Students Behnid.”Hechinger Report (2018): http://hechingerreport.org/many-state-flagship-universities-leave-black-latino-students-behind/.
MorrisionNick. “Higher Education is Failing our Students and our Employers.”Forbes (July92015): https://www.forbes.com/sites/nickmorrison/2015/07/09/higher-education-is-failing-students-and-employers/#50f375592991.
ValimaaJussi and Reetta MuhonenR.“Finland and the Nordic Model.” In High Participation Systems of Higher Education eds. BrendanCantwellSimonMarginson and AnanSmoletsiva. Oxford: Oxford University Pressin press.