FEEDING HABITS OF THE SUEZ CANAL MIGRANT SQUIRRELFISH, SARGOCENTRON RUBRUM, IN THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA

in Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.

Help

 

Have Institutional Access?

Login with your institution. Any other coaching guidance?

Connect

The squirrelfish, Sargocentron rubrum (Forsskål, 1775), is a successful Suez Canal immigrant common along the Mediterranean coast of Israel and caught occasionally in small quantities in commercial catch by trammel net and by hook-and-line. Monthly samples of stomach contents of this fish caught off 'Akko (Acre), Israel, from October 1979 to October 1980 were examined. Decapoda constituted the bulk of the diet, the remainder being Polychaeta, Isopoda, Mollusca and fishes. S. rubrum feeds intensively in summer and lightly in winter. Seasonal predominance of each taxon in the diet was measured by an alimentary coefficient calculated as a product of the frequency and weight percentages. Brachyura constituted 77.8% in summer, 94.7% in fall and winter; Anomura constituted 82.4% in spring. Pisidia longimana, Portunus hastatus, Xantho spp. and Pilumnus hirtellus were the most commonly-found prey. No preference for feeding on Suez Canal invertebrate immigrants of Red Sea origin was observed. It is concluded that S. rubrum inhabits rocky bottom, at depths of 10–40 m and feeds at night.

References
  • BarashA.DaninZ.Mediterranean Mollusca of Israel and Sinai: composition and distributionIsr. J. Zool19823186118

  • Ben-EliahuM.N.GolaniD.Ben-TuviaA.On predation on polychaetes (annelids) by the squirrelfish Adioryx ruber (Holocentridae) with a new polychaete record for the Mediterranean coast of IsraelTethys1983111519

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ben-TuviaA.Red Sea fishes recently found in the MediterraneanCopeia19662254275

  • Ben-TuviaA.Immigration of fishes through the Suez CanalFish. Bull197876249255

  • Ben-TuviaA.Mediterranean Marine Ecosystem. Plenum PressPiattT.ApostolopoulouM.(In press). The impact of the Lessepsian (Suez Canal) fish migration on the eastern Mediterranean ecosystem. In

    • Export Citation
  • Ben-YamiM.GlaserT.The invasion of Saurida undosquamis (Richardson) into the Levant Basin—an example of biological effect of interoceanic canalFish. Bull197472359373

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bograd-ZismannL.The food of Saurida undosquamis in the eastern Mediterranean in comparison with that in Japanese watersRapp. P.-V. Réun. Comm. Int. Exploit. Sci. Mer. Mediten196518251252

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FursaT.I.MovchanYu.V.The fish fauna of the southwest coast of IndiaJ. Ichthyol. (Vopr. Ikhtiol. Engl transl.)197818351362

  • GalilB.LewinsohnC.Macrobenthic communities of the eastern Mediterranean continental shelfMar. Ecol19812343352

  • GladfelterW.B.JohnsonW.S.Feeding niche separation in a guild of tropical reef fishes (Holocentridae)Ecology198364552563

  • GolaniD.The biology and Adioryx ruber (Forsskal, 1775) in the Mediterranean and morphological and meristic comparison of the Mediterranean and the Red Sea populations. M.Sc. Thesis, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. 62 pp. (in Hebrew, English summary)1981

    • Export Citation
  • HaasG.SteinitzH.Erythrean fishes on the Mediterranean coast of PalestineNature (London)194716028

  • HobsonE.S.Feeding relationship of teleostean fishes on coral reefs in Kona, HawaiiFish. Bull1974729151031

  • HolthuisL.B.GottliebE.An annotated list of decapods Crustacea of the Mediterranean coast of Israel with an appendix listing the decapods of the eastern Mediterranean. Bull. Res. Counc. Isr. 7B:19581126

    • Export Citation
  • HureauJ.C.Biologie comparée de quelques poissons antarctiques (Nototeneidae)Bull. Inst. Oceanogr. Monaco1970681391350

  • KosswigC.Erythräische Fische im Mittelmeer und an der Grenze der Ägäis. Syllegomena Biologica. Festschrift Kleinschmidt, Akad. Verlag. Leipzig1950203212

    • Export Citation
  • LaskaridisK.Holocentrum rubrum (Forssk.) and Lagocephalus lagocephalus (L.) two newly reported members of the Greek fish fauna (Dodecanesian Islands)Prakt. Hellen. Hydrobiol. Inst19482127129

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MatsuuraK.ShimizuT.The squirrelfish genus Adioryx, a junior synonym of SargocentronJap. J. Ichthyol1982299394

  • MattheyJ.K.ReynoldW.W.Food habits of squirrelfish, Adioryx suborbitalis, in the Gulf of CaliforniaCalif. Fish Game1979556264

  • McKenneyT.W.A contribution to the life history of the squirrelfish Holocentrus vexillarius PoeyBull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Carib19599174221

  • MienisH.K.GatG.On the presence of the Indo Pacific nudibranch Hypselodoris infucato along the Mediterranean coast of IsraelArgamon. Isr. J. Malacol198175152

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MouneimneN.Liste des poissons de la côte du Liban (Méditerranée orientale)Cybium 3e Sér197713766

  • MouneimneN.Poissons nouveaux pour les côtes Libanaises (Méditerranée orientale)Cybium 3e Sér19796105110

  • PorF.D.Lessepsian MigrationSpringer-VerlagBerlin1978228The Influx of Red Sea Biota into the Mediterranean by Way of the Suez Canal. Ecological Studies 23

    • Export Citation
  • RandallJ.E.Food habits of reef fishes of the West IndiesStud. Trop. Oceanogr19676665847

  • RiedlR.Biologie der Meereshöhlen: Topographie, Faunistik and Ôkologie eines unterseeischen LebensraumesPareyHamburg1966636Verlag P. and Berlin

    • Export Citation
  • StirnJ.Some notes on western trends of Lessepsian Migration. Journ. Ichthyol., C.I.E.S.M., Rome:1970187190

    • Export Citation
  • TomM.The benthic faunal associations of Haifa Bay. M.Sc. Thesis, Tel Aviv University. 113 pp. (in Hebrew)1976

    • Export Citation
  • VivienM.L.Contribution à la connaissance de l'éthologie alimentaire de l'ichtyofouna du platier interne des récifs coralliens de Tuléar (Madagascar)Tethys Suppl19735219305

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VivienM.L.Peyrot-ClausadeM.A comparative study of the feeding behaviour of three coral reef fishes (Holocentridae) with special reference to the polychaetes of the reef crypto—fauna as prey19741192Proc. 2nd Int. Coral Reef Symp. Great Barrier Reef. Comm:179

    • Export Citation
  • WoodsL.P.SonodaP.M.Order Berycomorphi (Beryciformes)Mem. Sears Found. Mar. Res197316263296

  • Zariquey-AlvarezR.Crustaceos Decapodes IbericusInvestigacion PesqueraBarcelona1968510

    • Export Citation
Index Card
Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 24 21 1
Full Text Views 7 7 0
PDF Downloads 3 3 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0