Transitions: Refugees and Natives

In: International Journal on Minority and Group Rights

European Directive 2004/83 (the ‘Qualification Directive’) limits claims for asylum to those refugees coming from outside of the European Union. This provision institutionalises a long established practice in which member states of the European Union are presumed to be safe countries of origin and safe countries of asylum. This article argues that the European Union could not have come into being without producing refugees. With reference to the definition of refugee enshrined within Article 1.A (2) of the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1 and the jurisprudence surrounding one key qualifying element of the definition – persecution – the article seeks to explore how the international law governing the status of refugee has been deployed to deny that the European Union is a place of origin of refugees.

  • 4)

    Refugee Conventionsupra note 1.

  • 7)

    Schmittsupra note 2.

  • 12)

    Arendtsupra note 10 p. 293.

  • 14)

    Schmittsupra note 2.

  • 24)

    Schmittsupra note 2 p. 48.

  • 25)

    Fanonsupra note 8.

  • 26)

    Article 3 of the ECHRsupra note 6.

  • 33)

    Refugee Conventionsupra note 1.

  • 34)

    UNHCR Handbooksupra note 3 para. 53.

  • 40)

    Claytonsupra note 28 pp. 405–406.

  • 41)

    Benjaminsupra note 23.

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