un Peacekeeping and the International Men and Women of the Ghana Armed Forces

in International Journal of Military History and Historiography
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This article argues that after 1973, participation in United Nations peacekeeping operations abroad enabled Ghanaian military personnel and their families to employ the infrastructure of international military cooperation to form an alternate global identity that was not simply larger than the nation-state. Ghanaian military families found the experiences of international military education and peacekeeping personally rewarding, but they also connected Ghanaians to global communities while weakening some national bonds. International military service provided Ghanaian families alternate strategies to negotiate economic insecurity in ways that strikingly resemble other diaspora communities, with an essential difference: in this case, Ghanaian soldiers families’ transnational identity still depended on functioning state agencies and international diplomatic processes to facilitate their travel.

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11

 See also Eboe Hutchful, “Institutional Decomposition and Junior Ranks’ Political Action in Ghana,” in The Military and Militarism in Africa, ed. Eboe Hutchful and Abdoulaye Bathily (Dakar, 1998), 212.

36

Henry Kwami Anyidoho, My Journey . . . Every Step (Accra: Sub-Saharan Publishers, 2010), 61.

38

Steve Oduro-Kwarteng, The Memoirs of a Colonel Retired (Accra: Self-Published, 2009), 52.

44

Oduro-Kwarteng, The Memoirs of a Colonel Retired, 34; K. Oteng, “Memorandum from Lt. Col. K. Oteng to Jan G. Schumacher; March 7, 1977; Subject: Allegations against Ghanaian Troops” March 7, 1977, ag-035; S-1786 Office Office the Force Commander – General Records 1973 – 1979; Box S-0531–0070; Folders S-1786–0009 Battallions and Units – Ghanbatt, un arms.

45

Oduro-Kwarteng, The Memoirs of a Colonel Retired, 61. Although it is tantalizing to imagine that the large Lebanese diaspora in Ghana facilitated these transactions, I found no evidence for it.

49

Hutchful, “Institutional Decomposition,” 251; Dennis Austin and Robin Luckham, eds., Politicians and Soldiers in Ghana, 1966–1972, Studies in Commonwealth Politics and History 3 (London, 1975).

50

S. Kojo Addae, A Short History of Ghana Armed Forces (Accra: Ministry of Defence of Ghana Armed Forces, 2005), 142.

53

Addae, A Short History of Ghana Armed Forces, 142; Addae, History of Ghana Armed Forces: Military Organizations and Regiments, 3:25.

65

Addae, History of Ghana Armed Forces: Military Organizations and Regiments, 3:26.

67

Addae, History of Ghana Armed Forces: Military Organizations and Regiments, 3:27, 38.

74

Akwagyiram, “Life of Army Wife with Hubby Away,” 10.

80

Parsons, The African Rank-and-File, 152.

81

Anyidoho, My Journey . . . Every Step, 52; Mann, Native Sons, 178; Oduro-Kwarteng, The Memoirs of a Colonel Retired, 17–18; Parsons, The African Rank-and-File, 152–162.

82

Oduro-Kwarteng, The Memoirs of a Colonel Retired, 17.

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