“Crusaders” and the Islamic State Apocalypse

In: International Journal of Military History and Historiography
Jason T. RocheDepartment of History, Politics and Philosophy, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK,

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Islamic State propaganda manipulated and combined a culturally embedded sense of Islamic history with a heady, potent mixture of classical and radical apocalyptic, and real and supposed Islamic authority, both sacred and profane. Tapping into a widespread belief in the approach of the Last Hour, the group attempted to change an established “crusader master narrative” by giving “crusaders” and their “crusade” integral roles in Islamic sacred history and an impending Islamic State apocalypse.

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