Notes on the generic position of Brassica deserti (Brassicaceae)

in Israel Journal of Plant Sciences
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Molecular tools provide new insights into phylogenetic relationships of plant species, and by relating phylogenetic groups to their geographical distribution, we can cast light upon the evolution history of plant clades. In the current study, we evaluated the phylogenetic position of the Sinai endemic Brassica deserti (Brassicaceae), later renamed as Erucastrum deserti, based on morphological data and 5.8S rDNA and ITS (Internal Transcribed Spacer) regions. Our results indicate that B. deserti belongs to an East-Mediterranean – Saharo Arabian clade and was not assigned to the core Brassica and Erucastrum clades, respectively, which evolved in the West Mediterranean area. We tentatively conclude that Brassica deserti evolved independently of core Brassica and Erucastrum.

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References
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    Phylogenetic backbone of tribe Brassiceae based on 5.8S and ITS data sequences of 80 taxa representing all major lineages of this tribe. Shown is the maximum-likelihood tree with bootstrap support given above branches. Arabidopsis thaliana and two Sisymbrium species served as outgroup. Relevant clades are indicated: Brassica clade, which includes the generic type B. oleracea, Erucastrum clade including the generic type E. virgatum and the Quidproquo clade. Note that B. deserti is placed in the Quidproquo clade.

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