Determining a Newfound European Islam

in International Journal of Public Theology
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.

Help

 

Have Institutional Access?

Login with your institution. Any other coaching guidance?

Connect

This article explores the implications of the Charlie Hebdo attacks for Muslims in Europe already experiencing a whole host of challenges in relation to the securitisation of integration, Islamophobia, and political and economic marginalisation. It is argued that while the incident appreciably dented the relationship between Muslims and the French state, the events have wider implications for Muslims across Western Europe regarding acceptance, tolerance and equality. It places pressures on both the Muslims in Western Europe, and the states in which they reside, to draw inwards, narrowing the terms of engagement, ultimately handing further powers to governments to legislate and police without always considering human rights or civil liberties. Simultaneously, Muslims, facing the brunt of exclusion in society in the current period, run the risk of entrenchment. Rather than interpreting these events as a separation of communities, the opportunities exist to engage in meaningful dialogue. It has the potential to promote humanist religious values, all the while participating in society within the limits of Islam, which remain relatively broad and inclusive for the vast majority of European Muslims. Alternatively, dominant societies run the danger of casting their nets wide, inducing Muslims to see integration and engagement as the least desirable option. This article suggests ways forward to empower the Muslim centre ground in order to push violent extremist elements further to the margins.

Sections
References
  • 1

    Gabriele Marranci‘Multiculturalism, Islam and the clash of civilisations theory: rethinking Islamophobia’Culture and Religion: An Interdisciplinary Journal 5:1 (2004) 105–117; Jack Goody Islam in Europe (Cambridge: Polity 2004).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3

    Ceri Peach and Giinther Glebe‘Muslim Minorities in Western Europe’Ethnic and Racial Studies18:1 (1995) 26–46.

  • 4

    Tariq ModoodMulticultural politics: Racism ethnicity and Muslims in Britain (Cambridge: Polity2005).

  • 5

    Sami ChakrabartiOn Liberty (London and New York: Allen Lane2014).

  • 6

    Tahir AbbasIslamic Radicalism and Multicultural Politics (London and New York: Routledge2011).

  • 7

    Robert DreyfussDevil’s Game: How the United States Helped Unleash Fundamentalist Islam (New York: Metropolitan Books2006). Dir Adam Curtis Bitter Lakebbc Films 2015.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    Deepa KumarIslamophobia and the Politics of Empire (New York: Haymarket2012).

  • 9

    Owen JonesThe Establishment: And How They Got Away With It (London and New York: Allen Lane2014).

  • 10

    Nafeez Mosaddeq AhmedA User’s Guide to the Crisis of Civilization: And How to Save It (London and New York: Pluto2010).

  • 11

    H.A. HellyerMuslims of Europe: The ‘other’ Europeans (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press2007).

  • 13

    Danny DorlingInequality and the 1% (London and New York: Verso2014).

  • 14

    Tariq AliThe Extreme Centre: A Warning (London and New York: Verso2015).

  • 15

    Nick CohenWhat’s Left?: How the Left Lost its Way: How Liberals Lost Their Way (London: Harper Perennial2007); David Goodhart The British Dream: Successes and Failures of Post-war Immigration (New York: Atlantic 2014).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16

    Christopher HitchensGod is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything (New York: Atlantic Books2007).

  • 17

    Bhikhu Parekh‘The future of multi-ethnic Britain: Reporting on a report’The Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affair 90:362 (2001) 691–700.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18

    Deborah Phillips‘Parallel lives? Challenging discourses of British Muslim self-segregation’Environment and Planning D: Society and Space24:1 (2006) 25–40.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19

    Anoop Nayak“Last of the ‘Real Geordies’? White masculinities and the subcultural response to deindustrialisation”Environment and Planning D: Society and Space21:1 (2003)7–25.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20

    Harris BeiderWhite working class voices: multiculturalism community-building and change (Bristol: Policy Press2014).

  • 21

    Salman S. SayyidA Fundamental Fear: Eurocentrism and the Emergence of Islamism (London and New York: Zed2003).

  • 22

    Tahir Abbas‘Muslim Minorities in Britain: Integration, Multiculturalism and Radicalism in the Post-7/7 Period’Journal of Intercultural Studies28:3 (2007) 287–300.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24

    Tariq RamadanWhat I believe (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press2010).

  • 25

    Jørgen S. Nielsen (ed.)Islam in Denmark: The Challenge of Diversity (Maryland: Lexington2011).

  • 26

    Arun KundnaniThe Muslims Are Coming! Islamophobia Extremism and the Domestic War on Terror (London and New York: Verso2014).

  • 27

    Justin GestApart: Alienated and Engaged Muslims in the West (London and New York: Hurst2010).

  • 28

    Patrick CockburnThe Rise of Islamic State: ISIS and the New Sunni Revolution (London and New York: Verso2015).

  • 29

    Olivier RoyHoly Ignorance: When Religion and Culture Part Ways (London and New York: Columbia University Press/Hurst2010).

  • 31

    Tahir Abbas and Imran Awan‘The Limits of UK Counterterrorism Policy: Implications for Islamophobia and Far Right Extremism’International Journal for Crime Justice and Social Democracy (2015).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32

    Gary R. BuntIslam in the Digital Age: E-Jihad Online Fatwas and Cyber Islamic Environments (London and New York: Pluto2003).

  • 34

    Maruta HerdingInventing the Muslim Cool: Islamic Youth Culture in Western Europe (Bielefeld: Transcript2013).

Index Card
Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 76 75 22
Full Text Views 91 91 0
PDF Downloads 9 9 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0