The Role of the Maroons in the 1865 Morant Bay Freedom War

In: International Journal of Public Theology

Abstract

This article considers the role of the Maroons in Jamaican history. Mindful that, today, Jamaica still experiences tension between the descendants of the Maroons and of Paul Bogle, this article examines the historical roots of this tension and suggests that there is scope for healing across both parties. Regardless of the present-day implications of these historical debates, however, the article is essentially an historical investigation that seeks to uncover what actually happened and what were the dominant motivations of the key players.

  • 2)

    Thomas Harvey and William BrewinJamaica in 1866 (London: A. W. Bennett1867) p. 22.

  • 4)

    Gad HeumanThe Killing Time: The Morant Bay Rebellion in Jamaica (London: Macmillan1989) p. xix.

  • 5)

    See Bernard Semmel‘The Issue of ‘Race’ in the British Reaction to the Morant Bay Uprising of 1865’Caribbean Studies2:3 (1962) 3–15 at 4.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9)

    Harvey and BrewinJamaica in 1866 pp. 22–3.

  • 10)

    Author unknown‘The Baptists in Jamaica’The Baptist Magazine (1865) 784.

  • 11)

    Henry BlebyThe Reign of Terror: A Narrative of Facts Concerning Ex-Governor Eyre George William Gordon and the Jamaica Atrocities (London: W. Nichols1868) p. 37.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12)

    E. B. UnderhillThe Tragedy of Morant Bay: A Narrative of the Disturbances in the Island of Jamaica in 1865 (London: Alexander and Shepheard1895) p. 135.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15)

    T. C. HoltThe Problem of Freedom: Race Labour and Politics in Jamaica and Britain 1832–1938 (Baltimore: Hopkins University Press1992) pp. 296–7.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16)

    Devon DickThe Cross and the Machete: Native Baptists of Jamaica—Identity Mission and Legacy (Kingston, Jamaica: Randle2009) pp. 173–84.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17)

    Ibid. p. 200.

  • 18)

    See Kenneth M. BilbyTrue-Born Maroons (Kingston, Jamaica: Randle2006) p. 463.

  • 19)

    CareyThe Maroon Story pp. 575 and 610.

  • 20)

    Joy Lumsden‘A Brave and Noble People’ p. 486.

  • 22)

    Alvin O. ThompsonFlight to Freedom: African Runaways and Maroons in the Americas (Kingston, Jamaica: University of West Indies Press2006) p. 303.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23)

    Ibid. p. 296.

  • 24)

    Ibid. pp. 295–7.

  • 26)

    Ibid. p. 26.

  • 27)

    Ibid. p. 47.

  • 28)

    ThompsonFlight to Freedom p. 307.

  • 29)

    Douglas HallIn Miserable Slavery: Thomas Thistlewood in Jamaica 1750–86 (London: Macmillan1989) p. 93.

  • 30)

    ThompsonFlight to Freedom p. 308.

  • 31)

    William BurdettThe Life and Exploits of Three-Finger’d Jack the Terror of Jamaica (Sommers Town: A. Neil1802) pp. 7 and 31.

  • 32)

    ThompsonFlight to Freedom p. 308.

  • 33)

    Robert GordonThe Jamaica Church: Why it has Failed (London: publisher not stated1867) pp. 12–13.

  • 34)

    CareyThe Maroon Story p. 571.

  • 36)

    GardnerA History of Jamaica p. 477 and Underhill The Tragedy of Morant Bay p. 135.

  • 37)

    See DickThe Cross and the Machete pp. 194–201.

  • 39)

    Samuel Copland Black and White: Or The Jamaica Question (London: William Freeman1866) p. 62.

  • 40)

    BilbyTrue-Born Maroons p. 291.

  • 42)

    CoplandBlack and White p. 61.

  • 44)

    BilbyTrue-Born Maroons p. 27.

  • 46)

    ThompsonFlight to Freedom p. 324.

  • 47)

    CampbellThe Maroons of Jamaica pp. 129 and 131.

  • 48)

    PattersonSlavery and Slave Revolts p. 273.

  • 50)

    Ibid. p. 200.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 113 105 12
Full Text Views 42 39 2
PDF Downloads 8 6 1