Public Theology and Evidence for God

in International Journal of Public Theology
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In a pair of previous articles, it was suggested that a ‘public theology’ approach to the text of the Bible and events of history pointed to a mind behind history that brought about the fulfilment of events predicted in Scripture. This article examines various phenomena of the physical and life sciences which similarly indicate a mind behind nature: first, fine-tuning of nature’s basic forces; secondly, the fitness of Earth’s cosmic environment; thirdly, the fitness of biochemistry for life; fourthly, the origin of life and finally, apparent design in living things.

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References

1

Hugh Gauch, John Bloom and Robert Newman, ‘Public Theology and Scientific Method: Formulating Reasons That Count Across Worldviews’, Philosophia Christi, series 2, 4:1 (2002), 45–88 and Robert Newman, John Bloom and Hugh Gauch, ‘Public Theology and Prophecy Data: Factual Evidence That Counts for the Biblical World View’, Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 46:1 (2003), 79–100.

3

Paul Davies, The Accidental Universe (Cambridge: University Press, 1982), see especiallychapter 3.

4

John Barrow and Frank Tipler, The Anthropic Cosmological Principle (Oxford: Clarendon Press and New York: Oxford University Press, 1986).

5

Paul Davies, God and the New Physics (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1983); Paul Davies, The Mind of God (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992); Paul Davies, The Fifth Miracle (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1999).

9

Ibid., p. 134.

12

Michael Denton, Nature’s Destiny: How the Laws of Biology Reveal Purpose in the Universe (New York: Free Press, 1999).

13

Ibid., p. 381 (original italics).

15

Ibid., p. 382.

16

Stanley L. Miller, ‘Production of Amino Acids Under Possible Primitive Earth Conditions’, Science, 117:3036 (1953), 528–29.

17

Denton, Nature’s Destiny, p. 381.

18

Robert Shapiro, Origins: A Skeptic’s Guide to the Creation of Life on Earth (New York: Summit Books, 1986).

19

Ibid., p. 296.

21

Ibid., p. 36.

23

William Paley, Natural Theology (London: R. Faulder, 1802), ‘Natural Theology; or, Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity, Collected from the Appearances of Nature, by William Paley, D. D. late Archdeacon of Carlisle’, twelfth edn, Darwin Online <http://darwin-online.org.uk/content/frameset?itemID=A142&viewtype=text&pageseq=1> [accessed 23 May 2014].

24

Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker (New York: Norton, 1986), p. 6 (original italics).

26

Michael Behe, Darwin’s Black Box (New York: Free Press, 1996), p. 39.

27

Michael Behe, The Edge of Evolution (New York: Free Press, 2007), p. 4.

29

Stephen Gould, ‘Evolution’s Erratic Pace’, Natural History, 86:5 (1977), 12–16 at 14.

30

Stephen Gould, The Panda’s Thumb (New York: Norton, 1980), pp. 19–44.

31

Janine Benyus, Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature (New York: William Morrow, 1997).

33

Ibid., pp. 23–52.

34

See Fred Hoyle, ‘The Universe: Past and Present Reflections’, Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 20 (1982), 1–36 at 16.

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