1. The Court considered it unnecesary to examine whether there had been a violation of Article 9 of the Convention taken on its own. It also held that there had been a viola- tion of Article 6 § 1 of the Convention (right to trial within a reasonable time). Those parts of the judgment are not reproduced here.
2. Article 4, §2 of the Convention prohibits forced or compulsory labour. According to Article 4, §3(b), the term "forced or compulsory labour" does not include any service of a military character or, in the case of conscientious objectors in countries where they are recognised, service exacted instead of compulsory military service.