Muhammad Majdhūb was one of many Muslims who in the nineteenth century argued against strict adherence to the established
system and sought ways to overcome it. This case study, based on an examination of Majdhūb's writings and contemporary documents, analyses what this position meant in practice, how it was expressed, and what it signified in a given social context. The challenge to
affiliation appears to have been more radical in theory than in practice. While dismissing
rationality and basing himself on Prophetic Tradition and inspiration, Majdhūb's practical conclusions consistently - if implicitly - agree with the Shāfi ī school. In the context in which such views were propagated, however, we find interesting social and political factors that contributed to their attractiveness. Here, they served to transcend a politicised deadlock between proponents of different
while lending 'Prophetic' support to the local as opposed to the ruling Ottoman party.