As one of the first scholarly studies of Jirāb al-Mamnūn, a collection of letters by the Daghestani Shāfiʿī scholar Ḥasan al-Alqadārī (1834–1910), this article challenges the ijtihād/taqlīd dichotomy within Islamic legal thought and argues for a more comprehensive understanding of the dialectic between reason and authority. Along the way, we examine the influence of al-Alqadārī’s taqlīd-based methodology on his attitudes toward confessional differences within and outside Islam. The article contributes to current debates on the role of reason and authority in the writings of Muslim scholars living under colonial rule.
Michael Kemper“Daghestani Shaykhs and Scholars in Russian Exile: Networks of Sufism, Fatwas and Poetry,” in Daghestan and the World of Islamed. Moshe Gammer and David J. Wasserstein (Helsinki: Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae2006) 95–107. On Muslim scholarly networks during the Soviet period see Michael Kemper Raoul Motika Stefan Reichmuth eds Islamic Education in the Soviet Union and Its Successor States (London: Routledge 2010).
Kemper“Daghestani Shaykhs”104. A third approach is offered by Sonia Chesnin “Тraditsii arabskoi klassicheskoi literatury v tvorchestve Gasana Alkadari” (PhD dissertation Makhachkala 2002) who views al-Alqadārī through the prism of his Arabic literary influences.
See V.O. Bobrovnikov“Verbrechen und Brauchtum zwishen islamischem und imperialem Recht: Zum Entzauberung des işkîl im Daghestan des 17. bis 19. Jahrhunderts,”Rechtspluralismus in der Islamischen Welted. M. Kemper and M. Reinkowski (Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter 2005) 297–315; and Michael Kemper “Adat against Shariʿa: Russian Approaches towards Daghestani ‘Customary Law’ in the 19th Century” Ab Imperio 3 (2005): 147–73.