Christianity has had a long and often turbulent history in Mongolia. When socialism crumbled finally, in 1990, there were no more than 20 Christians in the whole nation. Today, there are up to 100,000 adherents, 90 per cent of whom are Protestant evangelical. Prominent Mongolian Christian leader, Purevdorj Jamsran, suggests that there are three distinct periods in this development: formation (1991–1995); growth and transition (1996–2005); and identity (2006–present). Through analysing primary and secondary materials, conducting three field trips to gather oral interviews and using a Pentecostal case study, I explore these three periods. I argue that Protestant evangelicalism exploded onto the scene assisted by political upheaval, international allure, youthful enthusiasm and the use of mass media. Growth and transition progressed via contextualisation, ecumenical unity and community engagement. Finally, a sense of identity was established through accelerated maturation processes.
ByambajavD.Christianity in Mongolia after socialism1st SEFM International Workshop on Social Change and Religious Transformation in East Asia2–3 March 2013Hokkaido UniversityOnline at: http://www.slideshare.net/ByambajavDalaibuyan/christianity-in-mongolia.
GardnerR.Miracles of healing in Anglo-Celtic Northumbria as recorded by the venerable Bede and his contemporaries: a reappraisal in the light of twentieth century experienceBritish Medical Journal19832871927933
IngallsM.M.IngallsM.M.YongA.Introduction: Interconnection, interface, and identification in Pentecostal-Charismatic music and worshipThe Spirit of Praise: Music and worship in global Pentecostal-Charismatic Christianity2015University Park (PA)Pennsylvania State University Press125
KennedyJ.W.Mongolia fellowship marks 10 years, looks ahead to new challengesToday’s Pentecostal Evangel2004January2Online at: http://rss.ag.org/articles/detail.cfm?RSS_RSSContentID=3107&RSS_OriginatingChannelID=1007&RSS_OriginatingRSSFeedID=1034&RSS_Source=search.
KooimanD.van den MuijzenbergO.van der VeerP.KooimanD.van den MuijzenbergO.van der VeerP.IntroductionConversion Competition and Conflict: Essays on the role of religion in Asia1984AmsterdamVU Uitgeverij Free University Press122
KowalskiR.D.Missionary wives of early twentieth century Pentecost: called, competent, challenged and complement. Presented at the 39th Annual Meeting of the Society of Pentecostal Studies2010Online at: http://pmgermany.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/missionary_wives.pdf.
nrb staff‘Mission: Mongolia’ campaign far exceeds goal to fund three new FM StationsNational Religious Broadcasters2015August20Online at: http://nrb.org/news-room/articles/nrbt/mission-mongolia-campaign-far-exceeds-goal-to-fund-three-new-fm/?ccm_paging_p_b33272=23.No author
PigginS.BakerD.Assessing nineteenth-century missionary motivation: some considerations of theory and methodReligious Motivation: Biographical and sociological problems for the church historian1978OxfordBasil Blackwell327337
SinickJ.Faith and freedom: A profile of the religious environment in Mongolia’s emerging democracyIndependent Study Project (ISP) Collection2008557Online at: http://digitalcollections.sit.edu/isp_collection/557.
StillerB.C.Mongolia—From ancient power to a youthful witnessWorld Evangelical Alliance2015October19Online at: http://dispatchesfrombrian.com/2015/10/19/mongolia-from-ancient-power-to-a-youthful-witness/.
TumursukhU.Fighting over the reinterpretation of the Mongolian woman in Mongolia’s post-socialist identity construction discourseEast Asia (Piscataway)2001193119146us Department of State. 2010. Mongolia. International Religious Freedom Report. Online at: http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2010/148885.htm.