The Limited Test Ban Negotiations, 1954–63: How a Negotiator Viewed the Proceedings

in International Negotiation
No Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

The test ban treaty negotiations had their origins in a larger-than-expected U.S. thermonuclear explosion in the Pacific in 1954. Nearly a decade later, in 1963, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States concluded a treaty that permitted underground explosions but banned them in other environments. It was the first treaty of the Cold War to place limits on nuclear operations, but it was not what the negotiators had originally sought – a complete ban on tests. A substantial amount of pre-negotiations on the limited test ban treaty occurred during the Eisenhower administration. The idea itself first surfaced very early in these pre-negotiations. The willingness of two U.S. presidents and a British prime minister to persevere in the face of domestic opposition and foreign difficulties shows the importance of individuals in the negotiating process. The effect on negotiations of world events not directly related to the talks is demonstrated by the impact of the Sino-Soviet split, the unsettled status of Berlin and Germany, and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Single-issue lobbyists, representing the interests of weapons laboratories and the views of those opposed to U.S.-Soviet cooperation, caused major difficulties during the years of negotiations, as reflected in the interagency bargaining that preceded policy decisions. This included the use of scientific information both to advance and to block the negotiations. As a leading member of the advisory and negotiating teams during much of the period discussed in this article, the author pays tribute to professionals in the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations whose dedication and ingenuity kept the negotiations alive until circumstances finally crowned the effort with success.

The Limited Test Ban Negotiations, 1954–63: How a Negotiator Viewed the Proceedings

in International Negotiation

Sections

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 18 18 8
Full Text Views 93 93 41
PDF Downloads 12 12 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0