Who Needs Effective Doha Negotiations, and Why?

in International Negotiation
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



The growth and resilience of world trade indicate that the original aim of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has been largely fulfilled. This success makes the economic interest of parties in the Doha Development Round (DDR) less clear. This article analyzes how countries express their interests in the Doha round, based on their reactions to the breakdown in Geneva in July 2008. A qualitative analysis of these reactions reveals that the interests of the actors differ considerably. Only a minority of the member countries express an interest in negotiations congruent with the Ricardian logic of the original mandate of GATT and the WTO. The interests of other parties seem to be furthered by stalling negotiations. An increasingly important dimension of the DDR is the negotiation and institutionalization of norms, but this dimension hitherto has not been overtly handled. Unless they are productively dealt with, this difference in actors’ interests, and the opaque negotiation of norms, will decrease the effectiveness of the Doha negotiations.

Who Needs Effective Doha Negotiations, and Why?

in International Negotiation



AlbinCecilia Justice and Fairness in International Negotiation 2001 Cambridge Cambridge University Press Cambridge Studies in International Relations: 74

AlterKaren J.MeunierSophie “Nested and overlapping regimes in the transatlantic banana trade dispute.” Journal of European Public Policy 2006 13 3 2006

BouëtAntoineDebucquetDavid Laborde “The potential cost of a failed Doha Round” 2009 presented at the Workshop on Recent Analyses of the Doha Round November 2, 2010 WTO Geneva CATT WP No. 2/Centre d’Analyse Théorique et de Traitement des données économique Université e Pau et de Pays de l’Adour available online at http://catt.univ-pau.fr

BreslinShaun “Reforming China’s Embedded Socialist Compromise: China and the WTO.” Global Change Peace & Security 2010 15 3 213 229

ButlerJudith Precarious Life the Powers of Mourning and Violence 2004 London Verso

BuzanBarry People States and Fear an Agenda for International Security Studies in the Post-Cold War Era (second edition) 1991 Hemel Hempstead Harvester Wheatsheaf

CrumpLarry “Negotiation Process and Negotiation Context.” International Negotiation 2011 16 2 197 227

FinnemoreMarthaSikkinkKathryn “International Norm Dynamics and Political Change.” International Organization 1998 Autumn 52 4 1998

GallagherKevin P. “Understanding developing country resistance to the Doha Round.” Review of International Political Economy 2008 15 1

GoodisonPaul “Situating the EPA negotiations Issues and Unresolved Debates in Africa-EU Trade Relations.” The Nordic Africa Institute Policy Notes 2009 2009/9

HoekmanBernardNicitaAlessandro “Assessing the Doha Round: Market access, transactions costs and aid for trade facilitation.” The Journal of International Trade and Economic Development 2010 19 1

IsmailFaizel “Reforming the World Trade Organization” World Economics 2009a 10 4 (October–December)

IsmailFaizel “An assessment of the WTO Doha Round July-December 2008 collapse.” World Trade Review 2009b 8 4

KimSoo Yeon Power and the Governance of Global Trade 2010 Ithaca Cornell University Press

KhorMartin “Behind the July Failure of the WTO Talks on Doha” Economic and Political Weekly 2008 August 16 2008

KrugmanPaul “Dead Doha.” The New York Times/The Conscience of a Liberal 2008 July 30 2008

MartinWillMattooAaditya “The Doha Development Agenda: What’s on the table?” The Journal of International Trade and Economic Development 2010 19 1

MercerJonathan “Emotional Beliefs.” International Organization 2010 Winter 64 2010

MouffeChantal “Deliberative Democracy or Agonistic Pluralism.” Social Research 1999 66 3

MouffeChantal On the Political Thinking in Action 2005 London Routledge

NarlikarAmrita Deadlocks in Multilateral Negotiations: Causes and Solutions 2010 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

OdellJohn S. Negotiating the World Economy 2000 Ithaca, NY Cornell University Press

RodrikDani “How to save globalization from its cheer-leaders.” 2007 Harvard University CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP6494

RuggieJohn Gerard Constructing the World Polity: Essays on International Institutionalization 1998 London Routledge

South Centre “EPA Contentious Issues Matrix: State of Play, Key Problems and Recommendations” 2010 accessed 25 October 2010 Analytical Note SC/TDP/AN/26 June 2010. http://www.southcentre.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1347%3Aepa-contentious-issues-matrix-key-problems-and-some-recommendations&lang=en

StevensChristopher “Economic Partnership Agreements: What Can We Learn.” New Political Economy 2008 13 2

Utrikesdepartementet/Swedish foreign office WTO:s ministerkonferens Cancún 10–14 september 2003 2004 Stockholm Regeringskansliet UD

VickersBrendan “Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Small States in the EU–SADC EPA Negotiations.” The Round Table 2011 100 413 April 2011

WangShaugang “The Social and Political Implications of China’s WTO Membership.” Journal of Contemporary China 2000 9 25 373 405 online: 2 August 2010

WendtAlexander “Anarchy is what states make of it: the social construction of power politics.” International Orgonaization 1992 Spring 46 2 1992

WilkinsonRorden “The Problematic of Trade and Development Beyond the Doha Round.” The Journal of International Trade and Diplomacy 2009 Spring 3 1 2009

Winther-JörgensenMariannePhillipsLouise Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method 2002 London Sage

YoungAlasdair R. NarlikarAmrita “Transatlantic intransigence in the Doha Round: domestic politics and difficulty of compromise,” Deadlocks in Multilateral Negotiations: Causes and Solutions 2010 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 123 141

The Doha declaration of November 2001 as well as the 1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and other WTO material was downloaded from www.wto.org during 2010

Agance Europe “(EU) EU/WTO/Doha: Differences over special safeguard mechanism cause Geneva meeting to collapse, but considerable progress has been made” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

Asian News International “Development not at the cost of subsistence farmers: Kamal Nath” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

BBC “Austrian minister says WTO failure ‘wrong signal at the wrong time.’” 2008 July 31

Bernama Daily Malaysian News P. Vijian “India won’t compromise on livelihood issues, says Nath” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

China Daily Xinhua “Failure of trade talks a ‘tragedy.’” 2008 July 31

China Daily “World trade may expand even as WTO talks sputter.” 2008 July 31

Edmonton Journal “WTO failure costly for farmers; Producers estimate fallout at $10 million a day” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

European Commission Directorate-General for Trade “WTO trade negotiations: Facts and Figures on the Doha Development Agenda” 2011 January 28 Brussels: The European Commission http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2011/january/tradoc_147460.pdf (2011-10-11)

Financial Times WilliamsFrances “Poorest stand to be big losers” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

Financial Times BeattieAlan “Hangovers but no anger on the morning after” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

The Guardian PatelRaj “Comment & Debate: Imbalance of trade: Even if the Doha round is dead, the WTO lives on, changed in composition, unchanged in priority” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

The Guardian StewartHeather “India accuses US of sacrificing world’s poor at trade talks: Americans hit back over opponents’ “inflexibility”: Doha’s future in doubt as recriminations spread” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

Inter Press Service OsavaMario “Brazil: Collapse of Doha trade talks weakens nation’s position” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

MandelsonPeter 2008a “Final remarks by EU Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson, Press Conference at the Geneva WTO Ministerial” 29 July 2008 Geneva http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2008/july/tradoc_140012.pdf (2011-10-10)

MandelsonPeter “We will all pay a high price for free-trade failure.” 2008b Opinion piece Daily Telegraph 31 July 2008

NathShri Kamal “Delivering on development in the Doha Round,” 2007 transcript from a seminar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Washington D.C.

Philippines News Agency “Developing countries suffer the most in WTO battle.” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

The New York Times Reuters “A Push for Banana Deal at W.T.O.” 2008 July 28

The New York Times SangerDavid E. 2008 August 3

The New York Times KrugmanPaul “Dead Doha.” 2008 July 30 blog

The New York Times CastleStephenLandlerMark “After 7 Years, Talks Collapse on World Trade.” 2008 July 30

The New York Times CastleStephenBrasherKeith “China’s Shift on Food Was Key to Trade Impasse” 2008 July 31

The Press (Christchurch) 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

The Press Trust of India Limited “India ready to return to WTO talks; blames US for impasse.” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

RangelCharles B.BaucusMaxMcCreryJimGrassleyCharles E. “Finance, Ways and Means Leaders Urge President to Stand Firm on Doha Round.” 2008 Letter to the President on December 02 2008 online at: http://finance.senate.gov/newsroom/chairman/release/?id=145934d4-656e-40ce-b6a8-74909f8e4552 (2011-10-10)

ReutersSchombergWilliam “EU’s Mandelson points at U.S. after the WTO collapse.” 2008 July 30 Thomson Reuters http://in.reuters.com/article/2008/07/30/trade-wto-mandelson-idINL014178520080730 (2011-10-10)

THISDAY/All Africa IkokwuConstance “Country lacks ministerial representation at WTO.” 2008 July 31 (from Factiva database)

USTR News United States Trade Representative 2008 July 29 Statement from Ambassador Susan C. Schwab U.S. Trade Representative

Washington Post FaiolaAnthonyLakshmiRama “Trade Talks Crumble in Feud over Farm Aid.” 2008 July 30

Worldbank China Page online at http://data.worldbank.org/country/china (2011-10-12)


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 49 49 22
Full Text Views 51 51 41
PDF Downloads 5 5 3
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0