Regional Power Revisited: How to Explain Differences in Coherency and Success of Regional Organizations in the United Nations General Assembly

in International Negotiation
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

The United Nations General Assembly is the International Organization (IO) with the broadest worldwide membership. While regional organizations are not members themselves, they can and often do become active through their own member states. This article addresses two questions: Do regional organizations differ in their ability to speak with one voice in IOs and, if so, why? Are some regional organizations more successful than others and, if so, why? Based on liberal theory and a mixed-methods approach, the research suggests, firstly, that regional organizations are in a better position to engage in collective action in IOs if they can develop group positions for a broad range of items. This is easier the greater the capacities and the stronger the incentives of the member states, the smaller the number of actors participating in regional organizations’ coordination meetings, and the more homogenous groups are. Secondly, regional organizations are especially successful in IOs if they have common positions that their experienced and knowledgeable member states can push via argumentative strategies and if regional organizations can rely on the larger membership when it comes to playing two-level games in UNGA negotiations (tied-hands strategy) and when it comes to voting in IOs.

International Negotiation

A Journal of Theory and Practice

Sections

References

AbbottK. W.SnidalD. “Why States Act through Formal International Organizations.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 1998 42 3 32

AbbottK. W.SnidalD. “Hard and Soft Law in International Governance.” International Organization 2000 54 421 456

AgyrisC.SchönD. A. Organizational Learning 1980 Reading, MA Adison-Wesley

AlesinaA.DollarD. “Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why?” Journal of Economic Growth 2000 33 63

BurkeaW. T.FreebergbM.MilescE. L. “United Nations Resolutions on Driftnet Fishing: An Unsustainable Precedent for High Seas and Coastal Fisheries Management.” Ocean Development & International Law 1994 25 127 186

CasselD. “Does International Human Rights Law Make a Difference?” Chicago Journal of International Law 2001 2 121 135

ChayesA.Handler-ChayesA. The New Sovereignty. Compliance and International Regulatory Agreements 1995 Cambridge, London Harvard University Press

CheckelJ. T. “Persuasion in International Institutions.” 2002 ARENA Working Papers WP 02/14: 1–25

DajaniO. M. “Forty Years without Resolve: Tracing the Influence of Security Council Resolution 242 on the Middle East Peace Process.” Journal of Palestine Studies 2007 37 24 38

DeitelhoffN.MüllerH. “Theoretical Paradise – Empirically Lost? Arguing with Habermas.” Review of International Studies 2005 31 167 179

DreherA.JensenN. M. “Independent Actor or Agent? An Empirical Analysis of the Impact of US Interests on IMF Conditions.” The Journal of Law and Economics 2007 50

DreherA.JensenN. M.NunnenkampP.ThieleR. “Does US Aid Buy UN General Assembly Votes? A Disaggregated Analysis.” Public Choice 2008 136 139 164

EvansP. B. EvansP. B.JacobsenH. K.PutnamR. D. “Building an Integrative Approach to International and Domestic Politics,” Double-Edged Diplomacy. International Bargaining and Domestic Politics 1993 Berkeley, CA University of California Press

EvansP. B.JacobsonH. K.PutnamR. D. Double-Edged Diplomacy: International Bargaining and Domestic Politics 1993 Berkeley CA University of California Press

HaasE. B.RoweE. T. “Regional Organizations in the United Nations – Is there Externalisation?” International Studies Quarterly 1973 17 3 54

HinesC.LowryD. “Reluctant Compromise on the Nuclear Arms Chase.” Third World Quarterly 1986 8 559 582

HollowayS. “Forty Years of United Nations General Assembly Voting.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 1990 23 279 296

House of Commons The European Union at the United Nations 2011 London International Affairs and Defense Section

IidaK. “Third World Solidarity: The Group 77 in the U.N. General Assembly.” International Organization 1988 42 375 395

KaufmannD.KraayA.MastruzziM. “Governance Matters VIII: Governance Indicators for 1996–2008.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2009

KegleyC. W. J.HookS. W. “U.S. Foreign Aid and U.N. Voting: Did Reagan’s Linkage Strategy Buy Defense or Defiance?” International Studies Quarterly 1991 35 295 312

KeohaneR. O. After Hegemony. Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy 1984 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press

KimS. Y.RussettB. “The New Politics of Voting Alignments in the United Nations General Assembly.” International Organisations 1996

KirtonJ. J.TrebilcockM. J. Hard Choices, Soft Law: Voluntary Standards in Global Trade, Environment, and Social Governance 2004 Aldershot Ashagte

KnopfJ. W. “Beyond Two-Level Games: Domestic-International Interaction in the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Negotiations.” International Organization 1993 47 599 628

KrasnerS. D. Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy 1999 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press

LehmanH. P.McCoyJ. L. “The Dynamics of the Two-Level Bargaining Game. The 1988 Brazilian Debt Negotiations.” World Politics 1992 44 600 644

MartinL. L. “Interests, Power, and Multilateralism.” International Organization 1992 44 765 792

MeyersB. “African Voting in the United Nations General Assembly.” Journal of Modern Africal Studies 1966 4 213 227

MoJ. “Domestic Institutions and International Bargaining: The Role of Agent Veto in Two-Level Games.” American Political Science Review 1995 86 914 924

MoravcsikA. “Preferences and Power in the European Community: A Liberal Intergovernmentalist Approach.” Journal of Common Market Studies 1993 31 473 524

MoravcsikA. “Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory of International Politics.” International Organization 1997 51 513 553

MorganR. “Advancing Indigenous Rights at the United Nations: Strategic Framing and Its Impact on the Normative Development of International Law.” Social Legal Studies 2004 13 481 500

MüllerH. “Arguing, Bargaining and all that. Reflections on the Relationship of Communicative Action and Rationalist Theory in Analysing International Negotiations.” European Journal of International Relations 2004 10 395 435

NewcombeH.RossM.NewcombeA. G. “United Nations Voting Patterns.” International Organisations 1970

PetersonM. J. WeissT. G.DawsS. “General Assembly,” The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations 2008 Oxford Oxford University Press

PutnamR. “Diplomacy and Domestic Politics. The Logic of Two-Level Games.” International Organization 1988 42 427 460

ReinickeW. H.WitteJ. M. SheltonD. “Interdependence, Globalisation and Sovereignty. The Role of Non-binding International Legal Accords,” Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-binding Norms in the International Legal System 2000 Oxford Oxford University Press

RingquistE. J.WorshamJ.EisnerM. A. “Salience, Complexity, and the Legislative Direction of Regulatory Bureaucracies.” Journal of Public Administration and Research Theory 2003 13 141 164

RisseT. “Let’s Argue. Communicative Action in International Relations.” International Organization 2000 54 1 39

SchellingT. Micromotives and Macrobehavior 1978 New York, NY Norton

SegalL. E. a. J. A. “Measuring Issue Salience.” American Journal of Political Science 2000 44 66 83

SheltonD. Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-binding Norms in the International Legal System 2000 Oxford Oxford University Press

VincentJ. E. “An Analysis of Caucusing Group Activity at the United Nations.” Journal of Peace Research 1970 7 133 150

YoungH.ReesN. “EU Voting Behaviour in the UN General Assembly.” Irish Studies in International Affairs 2005 16 193 207

Figures

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 18 18 8
Full Text Views 2 2 2
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0