A Forty-Year Search for a Single-Negotiating Text: Rio+20 as a Post-Agreement Negotiation

in International Negotiation
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

This article elaborates on the place of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD, also known as Rio+20) in a forty-year trajectory of international sustainable development negotiations, particularly through the processes placed in motion during the 1992 Rio Earth Summit event. The negotiation of the final UNCSD document also can be evaluated in its own right, and the article examines this process in the second section, keeping in mind the negotiating system in which the talks took place. The final section focuses on the process as a post-agreement negotiation and considers the role of the twenty-year milestone negotiations in shaping the sustainable development regime. The article explores in particular the role that consensus negotiated agreements have played as the regime’s decision-making procedure, and how this procedure has faltered as the complexity – including the number of issues, actors and obligations incorporated into the regime – has increased. Two elements from the Rio+20 outcome – a “take-it-or-change-it” facilitation approach of the Brazilian hosts and the adoption of a process to create “sustainable development goals” as a different means to focus international expectations – are presented as new directions for decision making in the regime’s next rounds of regime governance and regime adjustment negotiations.

A Forty-Year Search for a Single-Negotiating Text: Rio+20 as a Post-Agreement Negotiation

in International Negotiation

Sections

References

BodanskyD. The Art and Craft of International Environmental Law 2010 Cambridge Harvard University Press

BurgielS. W.WoodP. ChasekP. S.WagnerL. M. “Witness, Architect, Detractor: The Evolving Role of NGOs in International Environmental Negotiations” The Roads from Rio: Lessons Learned from Twenty Years of Multilateral Environmental Negotiations 2012 New York RFF Press/Routledge 127 148

ChasekP. S. SjostedtG.SpectorB.ZartmanI. W. “The Negotiating System of Environment and Development” Negotiating International Regimes: Lessons Learned from the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development 1994 London Graham and Trotman

ChasekP. S. KallhaugeA. C.SjostedtG.CorellE. “The Negotiating System of Environment and Development: A Ten-year Review” Global Challenges: Furthering the Multilateral Process for Sustainable Development 2005 Sheffield, UK Greenleaf Publishing 74 102

ChasekP. S.WagnerL. M. ChasekP. S.WagnerL. M. “An Insider’s Guide to Multilateral Environmental Negotiations Since the Earth Summit” The Roads from Rio: Lessons Learned from Twenty Years of Multilateral Environmental Negotiations 2012 New York RFF Press/Routledge 1 16

ChasekP. S.DownieD. L.BrownJ. W. Global Environmental Politics 2010 Boulder, CO Westview Press

DepledgeJ.ChasekP. S. ChasekP. S.WagnerL. M. “Raising the Tempo: The Escalating Pace and Intensity of Environmental Negotiations” The Roads from Rio: Lessons Learned from Twenty Years of Multilateral Environmental Negotiations 2012 New York RFF Press/Routledge 19 38

IISD “Summary of the Nineteenth General Assembly Special Session to Review Implementation of Agenda 21: 23–27 June 1997” Earth Negotiations Bulletin 1997 June 30 5 88 Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/csd/enb0588e.html.

IISD “Summary of the Eleventh Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development: 28 April–9 May 2003” Earth Negotiations Bulletin 2003 May 12 5 193 Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/enb05193e.pdf.

IISD “Summary of the Fifteenth Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development: 30 April–11 May 2007” Earth Negotiations Bulletin 2007 May 14 5 254 Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/enb05254e.pdf.

IISD “CSD-17 Highlights: Wednesday, 13 May 2009” Earth Negotiations Bulletin 2009 May 14 5 279 Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/enb05279e.pdf.

IISD “Summary of the Third Round of UNCSD Informal Informal Negotiations: 29 May–2 June 2012” Earth Negotiations Bulletin 2012a June 5 27 40 Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/enb2740e.pdf.

IISD “Summary of the UNCSD Informal Informal Consultations and Third Intersessional Meeting: 19–27 March 2012,” Earth Negotiations Bulletin 2012b March 30 Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/enb2724e.pdf.

IISD “Summary of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development: 13–22 June 2012” Earth Negotiations Bulletin 2012c June 25 27 51 Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/enb2751e.pdf.

IISD “UNCSD Informal Consultations: Monday, 18 June 2012” Earth Negotiations Bulletin 2012d June 19 27 47 Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/enb2747e.pdf.

IISD “UNCSD Informal Consultations: Thursday, 31 May 2012” Earth Negotiations Bulletin 2012e June 1 27 38 Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/enb2738e.pdf.

IISD “UNCSD Informal Consultations: Tuesday, 19 June 2012” Earth Negotiations Bulletin 2012f June 20 27 48 Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/enb2748e.pdf.

IISD “Volume 5: Commission on Sustainable Development” Earth Negotiations Bulletin (various) Available at: http://www.iisd.ca/vol05/.

International Monetary Fund 2012 Tokyo Annual Meetings: Development Committee Communique 2012 October 13 Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/cm/2012/101312a.htm.

KaasaS. M. “The UN Commission on Sustainable Development: Which Mechanisms Explain Its Accomplishments?” Global Environmental Politics 2007 7 3 107 129

KrasnerS. E. International Regimes 1983 Ithaca, N.Y. Cornell University Press

KremenyukV. KremenyukV. “Systems of International Negotiations” International Negotiation 2002 San Francisco Jossey-Bass

LinnerB.-O.H. SelinH. KallhaugeA. C.SjostedtG.CorellE. “The Road to Rio: Early Efforts on Environment and Development” Global Challenges: Furthering the Multilateral Process for Sustainable Development 2005 Sheffield, UK Greenleaf Publishing 58 73

MeilstrupP. HvidtN.MouritzenH. “The Runaway Summit: The Background Story of the Danish Presidency of COP15, the UN Climate Change Conference” Danish Foreign Policy Yearbook 2010 Copenhagen Danish Institute for International Studies 113 135 DIIS Available at: http://www.diis.dk/graphics/Publications/Books2010/YB2010/YB2010-Danish-Foreign-Policy-Yearbook_WEB.pdf.

MitchellR. B. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2012.1) 2002–2012 Available at: http://iea.uoregon.edu/.

NajamA. KallhaugeA. C.SjostedtG.CorellE. “A Tale of Three Cities: Developing Countries in Global Environmental Negotiations” Global Challenges: Furthering the Multilateral Process for Sustainable Development 2005 Sheffield, UK Greenleaf Publishing

NRDC Cloud of Commitments 2012 Available at: http://cloudofcommitments.com/commitments/.

PutnamR. “Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games” International Organization 1988 42 3 427 460

SpectorB. I.ZartmanI. W. Getting it Done: Postagreement Negotiation and International Regimes 2003 Washington, DC USIP

United Nations Agenda 21: The United Nations Programme of Action from Rio 1992 New York United Nations

United Nations Rio+20: $513 billion pledged towards sustainable development (Press Release) 2012a June 22 Available at: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=42312&Cr=sustainable+development&Cr1=.

United Nations Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform 2012b Available at: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/commitments_rio20.html.

United Nations General Assembly “64/236 Implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the Outcomes of the World Summit on Sustainable Development” Resolutions of the 64th Session of the UN General Assembly 2010 March 31 Available at: http://www.un.org/en/ga/64/resolutions.shtml.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly: 66/288 The future we want 2012 September 11 Available at: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/66/288&Lang=E.

Van AlstineJ.AfionisS.DoranP. 2012 “The UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20): A sign of the times or ‘ecology as spectacle’? Working Paper No. 34,” from Sustainability Research Institute Working Papers Leeds, UK Available at: http://www.see.leeds.ac.uk/fileadmin/Documents/research/sri/workingpapers/SRIPs-34.pdf.

VavilovA. 2012 Interview by L. Wagner. 29 May 2012.

WagnerL. M. “Negotiations in the UN Commission on Sustainable Development: Coalitions, Processes and Outcomes” International Negotiation 1999 4 2 107 131

WagnerL. M. KallhaugeA. C.SjöstedtG.CorellE. “A Commission Will Lead Them?: The UN Commission on Sustainable Development and UNCED Follow-Up” Global Challenges: Furthering the Multilateral Process for Sustainable Development 2005 Sheffield, UK Greenleaf Publishing

WagnerL. M.HajjarR.AppletonA. ChasekP. S.WagnerL. M. “Global Alliances to Strange Bedfellows: The Ebb and Flow of Negotiating Coalitions” The Roads from Rio: Lessons Learned from Twenty Years of Multilateral Environmental Negotiations 2012 Abingdon Routledge/Resources for the Future

World Commission on Environment and Development Our Common Future 1987 Oxford Oxford University Press

ZartmanI. W. SpectorB. I.ZartmanI. W. “Negotiating the Rapids: The Dynamics of Regime Formation” Getting it Done: Post-Agreement Negotiation and International Regimes 2003 Washington, DC US Institute of Peace Press 13 50

2)

Author’s notes 19 June 2012.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 27 27 11
Full Text Views 5 5 5
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0