This article seeks to explain factors that make mediation attempts more or less likely in territorial, maritime, and river disputes. I argue that the intensity of the dispute and the salience of disputed territory have strong influence on mediation attempts. The study further examines the impact of these factors on the type of mediation strategy (directive, procedural, or communications). Hypotheses about mediation attempts are tested with the icow data set of interstate territorial, maritime, and river disputes from 1816 to 2001. Findings indicate that intensity of the dispute and salience of disputed territory have a strong impact on the selection of mediation in the first place, and second, that salience of disputed territory makes the directive strategy more likely, while intensity of the dispute makes procedural or communications strategies more likely.
BercovitchJacob J.BercovitchJacob J.RubinJeffrey Z.“The Structure and Diversity of Mediation in International Relations”Mediation Research: The Process and Effectiveness of Third-Party Intervention1992New YorkSt. Martin’s Press
HenselPaul RTuresJohn“International Law and the Settlement of Territorial Claims in South America, 1816–1992”1997Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science AssociationSeptember 1997Washington, D.C.
MitchellSara McLaughlinKaderaKelly M.CrescenziMark J.C.BercovitchJacobGartnerScott Sigmund“Practicing Democratic Community Norms: Third Party Conflict Management and Successful Settlements”International Conflict Mediation: New Approaches and Findings2008New York, NYRoutledge