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Mediation in Territorial, Maritime and River Disputes

In: International Negotiation
Author:
Krista E. Wiegand Department of Political Science and Howard H. Baker Jr. Center for Public Policy, University of Tennessee 1640 Cumberland Avenue, Knoxville, TN 37996-3340 USA kwiegand@utk.edu

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This article seeks to explain factors that make mediation attempts more or less likely in territorial, maritime, and river disputes. I argue that the intensity of the dispute and the salience of disputed territory have strong influence on mediation attempts. The study further examines the impact of these factors on the type of mediation strategy (directive, procedural, or communications). Hypotheses about mediation attempts are tested with the icow data set of interstate territorial, maritime, and river disputes from 1816 to 2001. Findings indicate that intensity of the dispute and salience of disputed territory have a strong impact on the selection of mediation in the first place, and second, that salience of disputed territory makes the directive strategy more likely, while intensity of the dispute makes procedural or communications strategies more likely.

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