The evolution of the Arab Spring in eight countries is primarily a matter of negotiation. The instances can be broken down into Short Track (Tunisia, Egypt) and Long Track (Syria, Libya, Yemen) Transitions and Short Track (Algeria, Morocco, Bahrain) Reactions. They bring a number of lessons for negotiation analysis, primarily on scope and power, and their deviation from an ideal type model can be explained by the predominance of distributive over integrative negotiation and the imposition of a three-dimensional scene for negotiation and legitimization, with an Islamic dimension overlaying the usual left-right spectrum.
ZaharMarie-JoëlleLiljeJanieZartmanI. WilliamAnsteyMarkMeertsPaul“Handling Spoilers and the Prospect of Violence,” and “Outbidding and the Decision to Negotiate”The Slippery Slope to Genocide2012New YorkOxford University Press
ZartmanI. WilliamMelamudMordechaiMeertsPaulZartmanI. William“Formulas and Trade-Offs”Banning the Bang or the Bomb? Negotiating the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty2012CambridgeCambridge University Presswith Julia Lendorfer