Breakthrough at Bali? Explanations, Aftermath, Implications

in International Negotiation
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


The World Trade Organization’s (wto) Ministerial Conference at Bali in December 2013 seemed to have marked a landmark moment in the history of the negotiations of the Doha Development Agenda (dda). This article begins with a brief analysis of why the dda has been quagmired in deadlocks and become the longest running trade round in the history of the multilateral trading system. It then discusses the significance of what was achieved at the Bali Ministerial in light of repeated failures and particularly from the perspective of the world’s poorest countries. It explains why and how breakthroughs were achieved and highlights several important institutional innovations. Lastly, it discusses how sustainable these innovations might be.

International Negotiation

A Journal of Theory and Practice



AcharyaAmitav “How Ideas Spread: Whose Norms Matter? Norm Localization and Institutional Change in Asian Regionalism” International Organization 2004 Spring 58 239 275

Agreement on Agriculture Ministerial Decision 2013 December 7 WT/MIN(13)/39 or WT/L/914. At

AllenKatieMonaghanAngela “World Trade Organization’s future in doubt as India blocks trade deal” The Guardian 2014 August 1

AmbassadorServasingChekitanShree Baboo “Trade Facilitation: A Forward Agenda” Bridges Africa: Trade and Sustainable Development News and Analysis 2013 November 2 9

BellmannChristophe “Challenges facing LDCs in Bali and beyond” Bridges Africa: Trade and Sustainable Development News and Analysis 2013 November 2 8

Bridges Africa: Trade and Sustainable Development News and Analysis 2013 November 2 9 Entire Issue

CohenStephen India: Emerging Power 2001 Washington, DC Brookings Institute

CottierThomasTakenoshitaSatoko “The balance of power in WTO decision making: towards weighted voting in legislative response” Aussenwirtschaft 2003 58 2 171 214

Doha wto Ministerial Declaration 2001 November 14 WT/MIN(01)/DEC/1. At

DonnanShawn “Q&A: Last Ditch efforts to save WTO deal” Financial Times 2014 July 31

Duty-Free and Quota-Free Market Access for Least-Developed Countrie. Ministerial Decision 2013 December 7 WT/MIN(13)/44 or WT/L/919. At

Elements for Political Guidance 2011 December 1 WT/MIN(11)/W/2. At

ElliottLarry “Bali Summit invigorated World Trade Organization, says Roberto Azevedo” The Guardian 2013 December 18

ElsigManfred StegarDebra “Towards weighted voting: can we get a little help from the secretariat and critical mass?” Redesigning the World Trade Organization for the 21st century 2010 Waterloo, Ontario Wilfred Laurier Press/CIGI/ International Development Research Centre

EvenettSimonJaraAlejandro Building on Bali: A Work Programme for the WTO 2013 VoxEU e-book Centre for Economic Policy Research

Export Competition Ministerial Declaration 2013 December 7 WT/MIN(13)/40 or WT/L/915. At

Fact-Sheet: us-India Agreement on Trade Facilitation Office of the United States Trade Representatie 2014 November At

General Services Ministerial Decision 2013 December 7 WT/MIN(13)/37 or WT/L/912. At

HelferLawrence DunoffJeffPollackMark “Flexibility in International Agreements” Interdisciplinary Perspectives in International Law and International Relations 2013 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

International Affairs Special Issue: Negotiating the Rise of New Powers 2013 May 89 3

IsmailFaizel NarlikarAmritaVickersBrendan “Reflections on the WTO July 2008 Collapse” Leadership and Change in the Multilateral Trading System 2009 Leiden Martinus Nijhoff

JacobRahul “Can we speak for the world’s poor?” Business Standard 2013 December 11

JonesKent “Things Fall Apart: Doha and the End of the Post-War Trade Consensus” World Economics 2012 October–December 13 4 125 152

KoremenosBarbaraLipsonCharlesSnidalDuncan The Rational Design of International Institutions 2001 Cambridge, MA MIT Press

LawrenceRobert “Rulemaking amidst growing diversity: a club-of-clubs approach to WTO reform and new issue selection” Journal of International Economic Law 2006 9 4 825 33

LaxDavidSebeniusJames GoldbergStephenSanderFrankRogersNancy “The Manager as Negotiator: The Negotiator’s Dilemma – Creating and Claiming Value” Dispute Resolution 1992 Boston Little Brown and Co

LehmannJean-Pierre “Bali Boost: WTO lives, snatched for now from the jaws of defeat” Yale Global 2013 December 10 At

MC9: Summary of Issues, South Centre, Informal Note 2013 November SC/TDP/AN/MC9/1. At

Monitoring Mechanism on Special and Differential Treatment Ministerial Decision 2013 December 7 WT/MIN(13)/45 or WT/L/920. At

NarlikarAmrita “New Powers in the Club: The Challenges of Global Trade Governance” International Affairs 2010 May 86 3 717 728

NarlikarAmrita Deadlocks in Multilateral Negotiations: Causes and Solutions 2010 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

NarlikarAmrita NarlikarAmritaDauntonMartinSternRobert M. “Collective Agency, Systemic Consequences: Bargaining Coalitions in the GATT and WTO” Oxford Handbook on the World Trade Organization 2012 Oxford Oxford University Press

NarlikarAmritaNarlikarAruna Bargaining with a Rising India: Lessons from the Mahabharata 2014 Oxford Oxford University Press

NarlikarAmritaPriyadarshiShishir “Empowering the Poor: The Achievements and Limitations of the Bali Package for the LDCs” Third World Quarterly 2014 September 35 6 1051 1065

NarlikarAmritaTussieDiana “The G20 at the Cancun Ministerial: Developing Countries and their Evolving Coalitions in the WTO” World Economy 2004 27 7 947 966

oecd Policy Brief “The Costs and Benefits of Trade Facilitation” 2005 October At

OdellJohn Negotiating the World Economy 2000 Ithaca, NY Cornell University Press

Operationalization of the Waiver Concerning Preferential Treatment to Services and Service Suppliers of Least-Developed Countries Ministerial Decision 2013 December 7 WT/MIN(13)/43 or WT/L/918. At

Preferential Rules of Origin for Least-Developed Countries Ministerial Decision 2013 December 7 WT/MIN(13)/42 or WT/L/917. At

SharmaShri Anand Speech at Plenary Session of the 9th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization 2013 December 4 At

SitharamanNirmala “Speech in Lok Sabha regarding India’s Stance in the WTO” 2014 August 5 Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Commerce and Industry At

TussieDianaQuiliconiCintia Currie-AlderB.KanburR.MaloneD.MedhoraR. “The World Trade Organization and Development” International Development: Ideas, Experience, and Prospects 2014 Oxford Oxford University Press

Warwick Commission The Multilateral Trade Regime: Which Way Forward? 2007 Coventry University of Warwick Report of the First Warwick Commission


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 6 6 4
Full Text Views 7 7 7
PDF Downloads 1 1 1
EPUB Downloads 1 1 1