International norms are central to world politics and they set boundaries for what is deemed commonly accepted behavior. The literature has not effectively explained the rise of new norms through negotiation and how actors from the Global South have played active roles, especially in the complex areas of developing security norms. This article argues that norm-making is not a unidirectional movement or phenomenon, but rather a highly circuitous process. The circuitous norm building model accounts for an increasing connectedness among domestic and regional/international levels in norm building in Global South and North countries.
European Union (eu) (2008). “Defining Common Rules Governing Control of Exports of Military Technology and Equipment”Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP of 8 December 2008 Official Journal of the European Union L 355/99 Acts Adopted under Title V of the eu Treaty.
HaddenJ. and L.A.Seybert (2016). “What’s in a Norm? Mapping the Norm Definition Process in the Debate on Sustainable Development.”Global Governance A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations222: 249–268.
KrauseK. (2002). “Multilateral Diplomacy, Norm Building, and un Conferences: The Case of Small Arms and Light Weapons.”Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations82: 247–263.
KrookM.L. and J.True (2010). “Rethinking the Life Cycles of International Norms: The United Nations and the Global Promotion of Gender Equality.”European Journal of International Relations181: 103–127.
LauranceE.J.H.Wagenmakers and H.Wulf (2005). “Managing the Global Problems Created by the Conventional Arms Trade: An Assessment of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms.”Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations112: 225–246.
un General Assembly (unga) (2001) The Program of Action to Prevent Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspectsissued as part of the Report of the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its AspectsNew YorkJuly 9–20 2001A/CONF.192/PC/15.