Searching for an Exit: The Effects of Context, Process and Structure on Crisis Negotiation

In: International Negotiation
Michael J. Butler Department of Political Science, Clark University 950 Main Street, Jefferson Academic Center 414, Worcester, MA 01610 USA

Search for other papers by Michael J. Butler in
Current site
Google Scholar
Download Citation Get Permissions

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institution


Buy instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):



By virtue of their defining criteria, international crises would seem unlikely candidates for conflict management and resolution. However, negotiations among crisis protagonists are not uncommon. Such behavior may reflect a desire to ‘exit’ the crisis dynamic. This article takes up the question of when and in what circumstances actors engaged in crisis situations turn to negotiation. Through an empirical analysis of over 1000 cases of foreign policy crises occurring between 1918 and 2015, this research examines a set of potential contextual, processual and structural correlates of crisis negotiation. The results of this analysis indicate that negotiation is less likely to occur in complex, high stakes, and especially violent crises, suggesting that negotiation is an unlikely and perhaps ill-suited response to more intense and severe crises.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 528 90 5
Full Text Views 151 13 0
PDF Views & Downloads 240 19 2