This practice note describes the privileges and immunities legal framework of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. This legal regime shows a certain complexity derived for the peculiar character of a disarmament and verification institution, whose intrusiveness poses many challenges to States Parties, particularly on the privileges and immunities of inspection teams and the protection of confidential information. The opcw managed to protect its privileges and immunities adequately, without almost no legal conflicts both at the domestic and international level. The disputes settlement mechanisms play an important role in providing ways to avoid legal controversies.
On 9 December 1981, the un General Assembly adopted Resolution 36/96 A, which requested the Committee on Disarmament to re-establish its Ad-Hoc Working Group on Chemical Weapons "with an appropriately revised mandate enabling the Committee to achieve agreement on a chemical weapons convention at the earliest date" (in operative paragraph 3).
Signed 22 May 1997, entered into force 7 June 1997.
Opened for signature 21 November 1947, 33 unts p. 261 (entered into force 2 December 1948).