Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance

A Unique Case Study in Partnership

In: International Organizations Law Review
Author: Eelco Szabó1
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  • 1 Director Legal, Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, eszabo@gavi.org

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This contribution puts a magnifying glass on the partner arrangements in Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance. Gavi has evolved from a loose partnership, bringing together the major stakeholders in immunization, to an organization in its own right with legal personality. The original partnership set-up remains a very important part of Gavi’s dna since it became an organization with separate legal personality. Together, Alliance partners aim to increase access to immunization in the poorest countries of the world. The manner in which this is achieved and the implications this may have on partner accountability or responsibility to third parties is described and analyzed.

  • 2

    In July 1999, the Proto-Board of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization met and adopted the mission, objectives, functions and structures of Gavi (minutes on file with the author). Gavi was publicly launched at the Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos on 31 January 2000 (see <www.weforum.org/pdf/AnnualReport/annual_report_1999_2000.pdf>).

  • 10

    Burci, supra note 8, pp. 367–8.

  • 20

    Gavi Statutes, supra note 3, Art. 15.

  • 22

    Gavi Statutes, supra note 3, Art. 15.

  • 24

    Third Gavi Board Meeting, supra note 11, Annex 7.2a, Guiding Principles of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation, section 6.3.7.

  • 26

    Gavi Statutes, supra note 3, Art. 23.

  • 29

    Burci, supra note 8, p. 372.

  • 30

    World Bank Evaluation, supra note 25, section 3.34. This position appears to have changed since.

  • 39

    Clarke, supra note 38, p. 136.

  • 40

    Clarke, supra note 38, p. 63 and p. 101; and Jacob, supra note 38, p. 218.

  • 45

    World Bank Evaluation, supra note 25, section 4.18.

  • 48

    World Bank Evaluation, supra note 25, section 4.11.

  • 52

    Burci, supra note 8, pp. 367–8.

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