In the last decade, the United Nations and the African Union have forged a close partnership in matters of international peace and security. This article attempts to shed light on the multifaceted role of the un in the strategic and operational planning and evolution, as well as the funding, of regional (African Union) peace support operations. Such involvement goes well beyond a simple authorization by the un Security Council and raises crucial questions in respect of the allocation of responsibility between the un and the African Union. The analysis of the relevant responsibility allocation clauses showcases that a holistic approach should be adopted that does not micromanage the different aspects of the un involvement in regional missions, but treats them as an aggregate that should be taken into account as a whole when allocating responsibility. Otherwise, the soft or indirect (but crucial) influence exercised by the un will inevitably escape responsibility.
Prodi Panel Report, supra note 37, paras. 61–64; Support to African Union Peacekeeping Operations Authorized by the United Nations (18 September 2009), un Doc. S/2009/470, paras. 21 and 35–39.
Gadin, supra note 46, p. 79.
Letter dated 23 April 2008, supra note 48, p. 3.
De Coning, Gelot and Karlsrud, supra note 40, p. 12.
Adopted on 21 March1986, un Doc. A/conf.129/15 (1986).
Kolb, supra note 83, p. 167 et seq.
Gowlland, supra note 6, p. 350.
Voulgaris, supra note 98, p. 11.
Boisson de Chazournes, supra note 96, p. 222.
Boisson de Chazournes, supra note 96, p. 222; A. Reinisch, ‘Aid or Assistance and Direction and Control between States and International Organizations in the Commission of Internationally Wrongful Acts’ (2010) 7 International Organizations Law Review p. 63 et seq.