The impact of Interpol's work on the lives of private individuals has come under increased human rights criticism and scrutiny of late. In response, Interpol has strengthened the position of the Commission for the Control of Interpol's Files as an independent, remedial body. The Commission has been charged with the task of ensuring that Interpol meets its human rights obligations, particularly the right to an adequate and effective remedy. This article charts the Commission's historical evolution and critically situates it within Interpol's institutional landscape, with a view to assessing the scope and limits of the Commission's powers. While its status as an independent, remedial body has indeed been strengthened, a holistic appraisal of the Commission's powers against rapidly crystallizing standards of IO accountability highlights a number of shortcomings and the need for further steps to be taken.