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Problems in identifying arguments from expert opinion

in International Review of Pragmatics
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Abstract

We show how to solve common problems in identifying arguments from expert opinion, illustrated by five examples selected from The Economist. Our method started by intuitively identifying many appeals to alleged experts in The Economist and comparing them to the argumentation scheme for argument from expert opinion. This approach led us to (i) extending the existing list of possible faults committed when arguments from expert opinion are performed and (ii) proposing the extension of the list of linguistic cues that would allow analysts to identify arguments from expert opinion. Our ultimate aim is to help argument identification by argument mining connect better with techniques of argument analysis and evaluation.

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Figures

  • Figure 1

    Argument from expert opinion in the Linter example

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  • Figure 2

    Adding a linked sub-argument to the Linter example

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  • Figure 3

    Adding the main conclusion to the Linter example

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  • Figure 4

    Representing the internet experts example as an argument from expert opinion

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  • Figure 5

    Representing the voting-rights example as an argument from expert opinion

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  • Figure 6

    Referring to the Migration Policy Institute as an argument from expert opinion

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  • Figure 7

    Argument from expert opinion as an attack on the opponent

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  • Figure 8

    An argument map of the Horsey example

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  • Figure 9

    Closely related cluster of arguments

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