The type series of the Sphaerophoria species described by J. W. Zetterstedt have been examined and lectotypes designated. It has been confirmed that S. nigricoxa Zett. is a synonym of S. scripta L. and that S. flavicauda Zett. and S. nitidicollis Zett. are synonyms of S. rueppelli Wied. S. loewi Zett., S. dubia Zett., and S. abbreviata Zett. are good species. The descriptions of S. multipunctata Zett. and S. insignita Zett. are based on single abnormal females. With our present knowledge of Sphaerophoria females, they cannot be interpreted. S. sarmatica Bankowska is a synonym of S. dubia Zett. (n. syn.).