On the origin of the bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Sphecidae)

in Insect Systematics & Evolution
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

The bees are best to be regarded as a specialized subgroup of the superfamily Sphecoidea, and a cladistic analysis results in accepting the "Sphecidae" as being paraphyletic in terms of the bees. The Sphecoidea is distinguished by three strong synapomorphic traits, and it is demonstrated that the bees share at least two apomorphic characters with the "higher" sphecids, leaving the Sphecinae + the Ampulicinae as the least specialized members of the complex. The Sphecoidea is suggested to include the following families, of which the two first constitute the "Sphecidae" of earlier authors, viz. 1) Sphecidae (Sphecinae + Ampulicinae), 2) Larridae (remaining sphecid subfamilies), and 3) Apidae.

Insect Systematics & Evolution

An International Journal of Systematic Entomology

Sections

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 8 8 4
Full Text Views 1 1 1
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0