Post-embryonic development of Lithobius tenebrosus fennoscandius Lohmander (Chilopoda: Lithobiidae)

in Insect Systematics & Evolution
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Abstract

The variation during development in the following characters of Lithobius tenebrosus fennoscandius (= L. nigrifrons fennoscandius) is described: body-length, head-length, ratio head-length/body-length and head-length/head-width, number of coxal pores, ocelli, antennal articles and teeth on forcipular coxosternite, projections on tergites 9, 11 and 13, spinulation on the last pair of legs, accessory apical claws on the 15th pair of legs, genitalia and the pattern on the cephalic shield. Also the difference between male and female and the correlation with size within each post-larval stadium are given. The boundary between juvenile and adult stadia and the number of post-larval stadia are discussed. Male secondary sex-characters, which have been used to distinguish L. t. setiger and L. t. sulcatipes were not found in the Swedish material examined here.

Post-embryonic development of Lithobius tenebrosus fennoscandius Lohmander (Chilopoda: Lithobiidae)

in Insect Systematics & Evolution

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