The taxonomy and nomenclature of the north European species of Ochsenheimeria Hübner, 1825, is reviewed and four species are recognized: vacculella Fischer von Röslerstamm, urella Fischer von Röslerstamm, mediopectinellus (Haworth) and taurella ([Denis & Schiffermüller]). A total of 12 species-group names are available for these four species. The genus Ochsenheimeria is characterized and its systematic position briefly discussed. Three keys to species based on external characters, male genitalia and female genitalia are provided. Adults and male and female genitalia are briefly described and illustrated. Five lectotypes are designated and two new synonyms are established.