The current concept of Aphanommata Wollaston, 1873 is revised and Brachytemnoides Folwaczny, 1973 is synonymized with it (SYN. N.). The genus and the two Old World species, A. euphorbiarum (Wollaston, 1867) and A. filum (Mulsant & Rey, 1858) (COMB. N.), are briefly redescribed and keyed, and their genitalia figured for the first time. A checklist of the 5 included species is added.