Four European species of Limnellia Malloch are recognized, one of which, L. surturi, is described as new on material from Iceland. Wings, male abdomina, and male genitalia of the four species are figured. For L. quadrata (Fall.) and L. stenhammari (Zett.) lectotypes are designated. L. surturi n.sp. is recorded as new to the British Isles and L. fallax Czerny as new to Sweden. A simplified key to the species is given.