The Scythris fuscoaenea species-group of Scythrididae, exclusively confined to Europe, is defined and reviewed. It includes the following species: fuscoaenea (Haworth, 1828), parafuscoaenea sp. n., vartianae Kasy, 1962, tenuivittella (Stainton, 1867), vittella (O. G. Costa, 1836), dissimilella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855), derrai sp. n. and traugotti sp. n. Scythris parafuscoaenea sp. n. is closely related to fuscoaenea and is found in Spain and France. The other two new species are hitherto only recorded from isolated localities, A. derrai sp. n. from Sardinia and A.traugotti sp. n. from southern Spain. Male and female genitalia of all species are illustrated.