The European species of the subgenus Moerophora Foerster, 1869, of the genus Xorides Latreille, 1809 (= Xorides rufipes species-group, Wahl 1997) (Ichneumonidae: Xoridinae) are reviewed. A key to the species and notes on their distribution are provided. Seven species are recorded from Europe: X. (M.) austriacus (Clément), X. (M.) ephialtoides (Kriechbaumer), X. (M.) jakovlevi (Kokujev), X. (M.) rufipes (Gravenhorst), X. (M.) rusticus (Desvignes) and two new species, X. (M.) flavotibialis and X. (M.) ilignus, which are described. Macrosterotrichus bischoffi (Clément) is synonymized with Xylonomus rusticus Desvignes. Xorides (M.) rufipes is recorded as new to Croatia and Bosnia.