Stridulobates anderseni gen. n. & sp. n. from South India (Karnataka, Kerala) is described. It is the first species of the subfamily Ptilomerinae known to bear possible stridulatory devices. These structures, which only occur in the male, are situated on the mesotrochanter ('plectrum') and abdominal stemites 2-6 ('strigil'). Stridulobates nostras (Thirumalai, 1986) is a new combination for Pleciobates nostras. Possible relationships of Stridulobates with other genera of Ptilomerinae and the possible use of stridulation in Stridulobates are discussed.